Basics of Dog Breed : American Akita

Posted on September 20 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : American Akita

Breed Information:

Other names: American Akita
Origin:  Japan
FCI Group: Spitz and primitive type dogs
FCI number: 344
Hair type: Short
Shape of the head: Triangular

Race history

The American Akita  has the same origins as the Japanese Akita . Their common ancestors lived in the Akita region of northern Honshu Island, Japan. They were frequently used as fighting dogs and many of them were crossed with Mastiffs and Tosas to get bigger and more powerful dogs. This trend lasted until the prohibition of canine games in 1908. The Akitas almost disappeared after the Second World War, the Japanese authorities having requisitioned most dogs of all races in order to use their skin for making military outfits. The only breed spared by this measure was the German Shepherd, used in the imperial army.

To circumvent this regulation, farmers therefore had the idea to cross their Akitas with German Shepherds. Among these dogs, those of the Dewa line were particularly popular with the Americans, who imported several to the United States. It is from there that the separation was made between the Japanese Akita and the American Akita. The latter quickly became popular, so that the Akita American Club was created in 1956 and that the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1972. It will then be the turn of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale ( FCI) to recognize it on May 30, 1999.

Physical characteristics

The American Akita  is a large dog, robust, solidly built, balanced and with a heavy frame. 

His hair: straight, hard, slightly spread, runs over the head, lower legs and ears. The coat is associated with a shorter, thick, soft and well-supplied undercoat. 
Its color: all shades such as red, tawny or white. Variegated and brindle colors are also allowed. White single-colored subjects do not have a mask. The color of the undercoat may be different from that of the coat hair. 
Its head :blunt triangle shaped, massive, well proportioned, without wrinkles when the dog is at rest. The skull is flat and wide, the stop is well marked, without being too abrupt. The truffle is broad and black, the muzzle broad and high, the lips black and not dangling. 
Its ears: well erect, small, triangular in shape and slightly rounded ends. Wide at their attachment which is not too low. 
His eyes are relatively small, dark brown in color, almost triangular in shape. 
His body: writable in a rectangle (longer than high). The back is horizontal, the kidney well muscled, the chest wide and well down, the belly slightly raised. 
Its tail : thick, covered with a thick coat, rough and well furnished, tied high, worn on the back or side by wrapping three-quarters, in an integral loop or double loop. 

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 45 kg and 60 kg Between 61 cm and 66 cm
Male Between 45 kg and 60 kg Between 66 cm and 71 cm

An Akita American dog is classified as a giant .

Behavior and character

The American Akita is a rather friendly dog, although it has a strong character . Vigilant and full of courage , he knows perfectly how to keep the house of his master. He is also appreciated for his docility, his assurance and the expression of dignity that he displays. He is an affectionate protector . He may have a tendency to seek confrontation with his congeners, mainly those of the same sex. Be careful, he can very misinterpret the clumsy gestures of a child and have a dangerous reaction with the youngest. It is in any case a very good play partner for older children.

Education ...
The American Akita, especially the male, needs to be socialized in a thorough way and early enough to mitigate its vindictive character vis-à-vis its fellow. The education of this kind of dog must be respectful , because it reacts badly to the severe methods and even more to the violence naturally. He tends to want to be dominant


The American Akita is a robust dog whose double coat gives him excellent protection against cold and humidity. The breed nevertheless has predispositions to certain diseases, mainly dermatological : pemphigus, pyoderma (bacterial infections) or sometimes bone problems (dysplasia of the hip).

Maintenance & Hygiene


The American Akita is subject to 2 moults a year , giving rise to quite abundant hair loss which can make the maintenance quite complicated. Outside these periods of moulting, its maintenance is minimal and easy.

Outings ...
The American Akita is an active dog that needs long daily walks and exercises . He needs to be stimulated on the physical and psychic level to stay happy and balanced.

Hygiene ...
It is recommended to brush the dog once a week . It should only be washed if it gets dirty too much. Brushing becomes more frequent (2 to 3 times a week) during moulting.

Living conditions

The American Akita adapts to all living conditions. He likes to move freely outside, in a large fenced garden, as well as the possibility of meeting indoors with his family. Life in the apartment suits him less and he can not stand loneliness well . Cohabitation with young children must be done under close supervision of the parents.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 1500 € 1700 €

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