Basics of Dog Breed : Basenji

Posted on September 20 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Basenji

Breed Information:

Other names: Congo Terrier
Origin:  Congo
FCI Group: Spitz and primitive type dogs
FCI number: 43
Hair type: Short
Shape of the head: Long

Race history

The  Basenji race  is primitive and very old. Dogs of this type have, in fact, been represented on engravings adorning tombs of ancient Egypt, where he was considered a sacred being . The origins of Basenji lie in the forest regions of sub-Saharan Africa, including the present Congo. Traditionally used as a hunting and companion dog , it has been the subject of a clear revival of interest from the late 19th century with its rediscovery by British explorers.

Several subjects were thus imported into England, but the first successful reproductions in Great Britain were only recorded in the mid-1930s. Basenji began arriving in France from 1966. The breed was recognized in final title by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on March 26, 1964.

Physical characteristics

The Basenji is a building dog rather thin, light and well proportioned. Although primitive, he is graceful in appearance. The Basenji is leggy and has a pretty proud port. His coat is short, shiny, tight, of fine texture and covering a very supple skin. Its color: two-tone in most cases (pure black and white, red and white, black and fire, fawn and white, white with pellets and fire marks on the eyes, muzzle and cheeks), black or brindle (stripes) black on a red background). The feet, the chest and the end of the chest are white. Its head :

finely and abundantly wrinkled, especially on the forehead when the dog raises ears. The skull is flat, well chiseled, moderately broad, tapering towards the nose. 
His ears: small, not very thick, pointed, well erect, tied up and forward. 
His eyes are dark, almond shaped, with a somewhat mysterious expression. 
His body:  well proportioned, harmonious. The back is short and horizontal, the chest is well down in the sternal region, the belly rises and merges with the side which is well marked. 
His tail: tied high, curled tightly over the vertebral column.

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 9 kg and 10 kg Between 40 cm and 41 cm
Male Between 10 kg and 11 kg Between 42 cm and 43 cm

A Basenji dog is classified as a small dog .

Behavior and character

The  Basenji  is a balanced dog, lively and intelligent . He is rather independent and is suspicious of strangers , but he remains affectionate towards his master and his family. The Basenji does not bark, it is not silent, since it emits a characteristic call that evokes the chuckles or vocalisations of Tyrolean singers. This is not a dog particularly known for loving children. It is better for children to grow up with him. This is to avoid misinterpretation of an inappropriate move by a child unfamiliar with dogs.

Education ...
The Basenji is a dog to educate and socialize early. His education should be both gentle and firm and it is important to teach him the reminder as soon as possible.


The  Basenji  is a generally robust dog, but the breed has predispositions to certain diseases that it is best to monitor: Fanconi syndrome (renal disease with a generalized disorder of renal proximal tubular function), hip dysplasia , inguinal hernia  coloboma (congenital anomaly of the eye whose development has not ended).

Maintenance & Hygiene


The  Basenji  is a dog that requires only very little maintenance and only loses little hair . He is known and appreciated for his remarkable cleanliness. He has this way of ensuring his own toilet which is a little like that of cats, whose seated posture he sometimes imitates. This does not mean that it should not be maintained at all, which would expose it to the risk of infection and disease.

Outings ...
The Basenji is a dog that needs a lot of exercise to get busy . It is a free and essentially active dogthat requires daily activities and walks. He is quite comfortable on agility courses.

Hygiene ...
It is recommended to brush the dog every week to help maintain the cleanliness of his coat.

Living conditions

The  Basenji  prefer the great outdoors and live in the heart of nature in an urban environment. However, if he has enough outings and activities, he can adapt to any situation.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 500 € 1000 €

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