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Basics of Dog Breed : Bearded Collie

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Posted on September 20 2018

The Bearded Collie is a dog of solid construction, but without impression of heaviness nor excess weight. He is particularly recognizable by his dress very provided, provided with long fringes. He displays an expression full of intelligence, vivacity and curiosity. His pace is flexible and agile.

Breed Information:

Other names: Bearded Collie, Bearded Collie, Highland Collie, Beardie
Origin: Britain UK
FCI Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
FCI number: 271
Hair type: Long
Shape of the head: Carree

Race history

The Bearded Collie breed is native to Scotland and northern England . Scottish writings dating back to the 16th century recount facts in which dogs of this type intervene, with descriptions quite similar to that of the Bearded Collie that we know today. This dog has quickly earned a reputation as a first-class sheepdog because of his natural ability to guide and gather sheep.

It seems that it comes from the cross between the ancestor of the Polish Shepherd and local sheepdogs . The development of the breed through extensive selections really began in the 1940s under the leadership of  Gwendoline Olive Willison . The Bearded Collie breed was recognized definitively by the FCI on August 30, 1967.

Physical characteristics

His hair: long, double, with a soft and dense undercoat, and a hair cover provided, hard and flat. Bear a typical beard to which the dog owes its name. 
Its color: all tones of gray, brown and sand (with or without white markings on the chamfer, the head, end of tail, on the chest or the legs), black, blue, tawny. 
His head: broad, flat and square, with a strong muzzle and a well-developed skull. The stop is moderate. 
Its ears: pendulous, of medium size, raised at their attachment at the top of the skull when the dog is awake. 
His eyes: big, spread, colored in agreement with the dress. The look is sweet and lively. 
His body :longer than high (proportion of 5/4), with a straight back, a strong kidney, a well-lowered breast and well-rounded ribs. 
His tail: long, reaching the point of the hock, tied and carried low (never on the back), abundantly trimmed with fringes.

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 20 kg and 30 kg Between 51 cm and 53 cm
Male Between 20 kg and 30 kg Between 53 cm and 56 cm

A Bearded Collie dog is classified as a medium-sized dog .

Behavior and character

The Bearded Collie is an active dog , awake, determined and confident . Intelligent and balanced , he never shows aggression and does not fear much. These qualities make him an excellent sheepdog , but also guard, because of his natural mistrust of strangers. With his master and the members of his family, on the other hand, he is very gentle . He appreciates the company of children.


The Bearded Collie can sometimes be stubborn , which imposes an education at the same time based on the softness and the firmness . He is typically the kind of dog that needs the convenience of an order or exercise to perform it . The game is an important part of his training.


The Bearded Collie is a dog with good resistance . However, it is advisable to examine the inside of your ears because of the risk of otitis . The progressive retinal atrophy and, as with most medium dogs and large size of the ysplasie hip also part of health problems that may affect it.

Maintenance & Hygiene


Long and supplied, the Bearded Collie dress needs to be regularly maintained to maintain its beautiful appearance and cleanliness. The good behavior of his hair is important, not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also that of health, because it ensures its protection against cold and bad weather.


It is recommended to  brush the dog at a biweekly pace . Brushing becomes more common during moulting. His ears are to check and clean on a regular basis. 

Physical activity

The Bearded Collie  needs long daily walks  with some exercises and games. He has kept much of his sheep dog instincts and must be able to stay active to be balanced.

Living conditions

The Bearded Collie is more popular in rural areas and, if he lives in town, in a large garden. At the base, it is not made to live in apartment, but it can adapt to this way of life as long as it profits from long outings.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 800 € 1000 €

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