Basics of Dog Breed: Belgian Griffon

Posted on January 09 2019

Basics of Dog Breed: Belgian Griffon

Race history

Like its two cousins, the Brussels Griffon and the Petit Brabançon, the Belgian Griffon descends from the "Smousje" , an ancient breed of small, hard-haired dog from the Brussels region. In the past, it was used mainly for the guard of coaches and for the hunt for pests , especially rodents, in the stables. The popularity of the breed has grown significantly since the beginning of the 20th century and many dogs have been introduced to different countries in Europe and elsewhere. The Belgian Griffon breed was definitively recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale on October 26, 1954.

Physical characteristics

The Belgian Griffon is a small pet dog with a robust construction and elegant look, with a characteristic look and a silhouette in a square. He is part of the family of small Belgian dogs with his close cousins ​​the Brussels Griffon and the Petit Brabançon. The Belgian Griffon is distinguished from the first by its color (black or black and fire) and the second by its hair a little longer.

Its hair: mid-long (not too long not to harm the characteristic silhouette of the race), hard, shiny, slightly wavy. Covering hair lined with undercoat.
Its color :  unicolour black or two-tone black and fire. The fire marks are pure and located at the anterior (from the foot to the wrist), the hindquarters (from the foot to the hock), on the chest, the cheeks, the chin, above the eyes, in the ears, under the tail and around of the anus.
Its head: characteristic of the race, quite big compared to the body, rounded, with the front well rounded and the stop very accused. Covered with a hard, ruffled, plush hair over the eyes, cheeks and chin. The muzzle is very short.
Its ears: small, tied high, well apart, semi-erect and drooping forward.
His eyes dark brown, large, well rounded shape, well apart, edged with black without showing the white of the eyeball.
Its body: writable in a square, with the tourniquet slightly out, the back straight and strong, the kidney short and muscular, the rump broad and flat, the chest wide and well down, the belly slightly raised.
Its tail: tied and carried high, with the end pointing to the back without winding.

Behavior with others

The Belgian Griffon is an alert dog,  energetic and affectionate . Very attached to his master, he is endowed with great intelligence and courage . He is alert, proud and never aggressive. In short, it is a dog with a balanced and sometimes shy character . He can not bear loneliness.

Education ...

The Belgian Griffon is a dog easy enough to educate by his intelligence and his great attachment to his master. His education must be both firm and gentle.

Living conditions

The Belgian Griffon is perfectly adapted to city life , especially in apartment. He is content with small spaces, but must for this benefit from his daily outings. The Belgian Griffon is a pet dog above all, enjoying the indoor life in the middle of his family and near his master.


The Belgian Griffon is a dog with generally solid health. He fears only very little the cold and the humidity. It can be subject to dysplasia of the hip , dislocation of the patella . Because of his prominent eyes, he may experience some eye problems.

Maintenance and hygiene

The moulting of the Belgian Griffon is rather moderate. This dog loses only very few hairs . His maintenance is fairly easy, but he may need some professional grooming and hair removal.

Outputs ...

He does not have an excessive need for exercise. A good daily walk is enough to satisfy it on this level, but it must not be shortened or zapped. He also enjoys games with his master.

Hygiene ...

It is recommended to brush the dog every week to preserve its hair. Brushing becomes more frequent (2 to 3 times a week) during moulting.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Belgian Griffon is between 700€ and 900€.

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