Basics of Dog Breed : Bichon Frize

Posted on September 27 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Bichon Frize

The Bichon Frize is a small pet and pleasure dog full of cheerfulness, liveliness, recognizable by his long hair spiral and flexible. His head wear is high and shows a certain pride in his attitude. He is very expressive.

Breed Information:

Other names: Bichon Frize
Origin: Belgium, France
FCI Group: Dogs of pleasure and companionship
FCI number: 215
Hair type: Long
Shape of the head: Round

Race history

The  Bichon Frize breed  is quite old. Appeared towards the 14th century , it would be the fruit of the crossing of the Barbet (also at the origin of the Poodle) and the Bichon Maltais. Long called Bichon de Teneriffe, he arrived in France during the 16th century and quickly met with considerable success, especially with the kings Francis I and Henry III and their courses.

Its popularity then declined somewhat in France. Thanks to a Belgian breeder, the breed could be saved after the Second World War, which could have made it disappear. He was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on October 28, 1959.

Physical characteristics

His hair: long (7 to 10 cm in length), thin, silky, supple, corkscrew, never flat, nor corded. 
Its color: pure white. 
His head is rather flat, longer than the muzzle. The stop is not very accentuated, the truffle is rounded and very black, the lips thin and dry, the cheeks flat. 
His ears: thin, drooping, well covered with long curly hairs, carried forward when the dog is attentive. 
His eyes: as dark as possible, rather rounded shape, with dark eyelids too. 
His body: the kidney is broad and well muscled, the rump slightly rounded, the chest well developed and the flanks well raised in the belly. 
Its tail : attached slightly below the line of the back, raised and curved, but without curling.

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 3 kg and 4 kg Between 22 cm and 30 cm
Male Between 3 kg and 4 kg Between 25 cm and 34 cm

A Bichon Frize dog is classified as a small dog .

Behavior and character

The Bichon Frize is a lively dog , cheerful , playful and playful , while being very calm. Attached to his master and his family, he always seeks their proximity. He gets along very well with the children . Obviously, the Bichon Frize is not for the hilt. He is exclusively a pet dog and perfectly fits this role.


The Bichon Frize is not a  dog particularly difficult to educate . With a gentle and docile nature, he easily acquires the learning instilled in him by his master, who must, however, be careful not to let him develop a dominant character. His education must be done with firmness and gentleness. 


The  Bichon Frize breed is  predisposed to certain diseases, including  Legg-Perthes-Calvé disease (aseptic necrosis of the femoral head), cataract, corneal dystrophy, and dislocation of the patella.

Maintenance & Hygiene


The Bichon Frize does not lose much hair . It is part, as such, breeds of dogs called hypoallergenic . However, his dress requires a fairly important and frequent maintenance because his hair can easily form knots and must keep his white color impeccable.


It is recommended to  brush the dog frequently , to  wash it several times a year  and to have it groomed regularly. Special attention should be paid to the eye area which gets dirty easily and the ears or hair can grow into its ear canal. You also have to brush your teeth because it is very sensitive to tartar.

Physical activity

The Bichon Frize does not have a huge need in terms of walks.  good daily outing and indoor activities are enough for him to spend. 

Living conditions

It  is made for indoor living, close to his master and his family. He does not tolerate loneliness very well . The apartment life suits him perfectly, but being able to have a fenced garden befitting equally him. It adapts to all family situations, with or without children.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 700 € 1000 €

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