Basics of Dog Breed : Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Posted on November 22 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small dog well proportioned, elegant as well by its appearance as its clear step. He is very graceful and gives an impression of great sweetness.

Race history

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel  has been known since the 16th century in England. He was one of the favorite dogs of the English royal court and was named after King Charles II, who was particularly fond of this breed. Towards the beginning of the 19th century, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel received contributions from King Charles Spaniel , Pekingese and Carlin to achieve the current characteristics of the breed. The 1st standard of  Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was established in 1928.

The breed club was founded at the same time in Great Britain and the breed was recognized by the Kennel Club in 1945. For its part, the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) awarded it a definitive recognition 10 years later , January 20, 1955. Its official FCI standard in force was published on November 4, 2008. In France, the first representatives of the breed arrived in 1975.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: long silky, characterized by abundant fringes and can be slightly wavy.
Its color: can be two-tone black and fire (bright spots above the eyes, on the cheeks, in the ears, on the chest, limbs and under the tail, without white marks), ruby ​​(one-colored, one intense red and without white markings), Blenheim (bright chestnut markings split equally on the head, pearl white background), tricolor (black and white with fire marks above the eyes, on the cheeks, in the ears, inside the limbs and under the tail).
Its head: the skull is almost flat, the stop slightly accentuated, the nostrils black and well developed, strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite.
Its ears :tied high, long and lined with abundant fringes.
Its eyes: large, round, dark, well spaced and never protruding.
Its body: well proportioned. The neck is moderately long and slightly curved, the back straight, the kidney runs and the ribs well arched.
Its tail: of length proportionate to that of the body, well attached, carried gaily, but without exceeding the line of the back.

Behavior with others

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog full of joie de vivre and enthusiasm , but still calm and devoid of aggressiveness . Player, friendly and sociable , he is no less courageous. Its pleasant and particularly balanced personality makes it an excellent pet dog for the whole family .

He gets along with both children and seniors. It is also a popular exhibition subject because of its remarkable appearance and graceful look. Usually discreet, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can become a barker in the presence of other dogs, but he is not inclined to arguments with his fellow creatures .

It can adapt to any type of master ranging from the elderly person to a young and sporty person. Small ball of energy, it can in the blink of an eye become very calm and be discreet.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is relatively simple to educate . Obedient , but often distracted, he is  attached to his master , he will always seek to please him. Be careful not to spoil him, because he knows very well to use his charm. His education must be both gentle and firm.

Living conditions

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is essentially an indoor dog who enjoys family life and prefers to be close to his masters. He appreciates, however, to have an enclosed outdoor space to move and entertain as he pleases. He suffers from loneliness without ever testifying.


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a dog with good health , but with predispositions to some diseases of the heart and others such as: incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle (present in most spaniels), demodecium mange, pyoderma, otitis, allergic dermatitis, cataracts, corneal dystrophy, epilepsy, luxation of the patella, diabetes ...

Maintenance and hygiene

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel remains subject to 2 moults a year, occurring during the spring and fall seasons. It requires regular maintenance, but should not be groomed.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week with a wire brush. Special attention should be paid to the ears (inside and behind), tail and limbs. After brushing, comb through. The eyes are cleansed with compresses soaked in saline. It can be washed several times a year , provided you use a specific shampoo and dry it well.


The King Charles ingests in principle an industrial diet   based  on high quality croquettes . It will then be sufficient to regulate his ration according to his daily activity.

Physical activity

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs a minimum of exercise . He is content with simple daily walks , but enjoys activities such as agility.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is between 900 € and 1400 €.

The annual maintenance cost of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is between 850 € and 900 €.

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