Basics of Dog Breed: Curly-coated retriever

Posted on December 04 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Curly-coated retriever

Race history

The exact origins of the Curly-coated retriever are unclear, especially with regard to the crosses that gave rise to the breed. According to one of the theories advanced, it would be by crossing a Newfoundland and an Irish Water Dog that it would have been developed in England. Anyway, it  is one of the oldest varieties of retrievers , the first breeding probably dating from the 18th century. He quickly displayed his ease in hunting as a game reporter dog. The Curly-coated retriever breed was definitively recognized by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) on December 10, 1954.

Physical characteristics

The Curly-coated retriever is a large dog, strong and elegant at the same time, characterized by a curly coat as indicated by its name. The looks of the Curly-coated retriever are clear and energetic.

Its hair: curly (small curls), tight and short on the whole body. There is no undercoat in this dog. Its color: unicolor brown liver or black.

Its head: wedge-shaped when viewed in profile, well proportioned to the whole body. The length of the skull is equal to that of the muzzle. The stop is only slightly marked. The color of the truffle corresponds to that of the dress. The jaws are strong and articulated in scissors.

Its ears : Medium high attachment (slightly above the eye line), small in size and covered with small loops.
Its eyes: large, oval, obliquely arranged, the same color as the dress (or in a close shade).
Its body: length slightly greater than the height at the withers and therefore writable in a rectangle. The top line is well supported and horizontal and the chest well down.
Its tail: inscribed in the extension of the line above, carried right at the level of the latter when the dog is in action.

Behavior with others

The Curly-coated retriever is a dog with a balanced temperament , which is as good for his intelligence , reliability and courage as his independent character . On a hunt, the Curly-coated retriever specializes in game reporting. He knows how to be friendly , self-assured, but also sometimes somewhat reserved.

Education ...

Educating a Curly-coated retriever requires a clever mix of firmness and softness . His intelligence and enthusiasm for work and learning greatly facilitates his education.

Living conditions

The ideal living environment for a Curly-coated retriever would be a house with a large garden in which he would have all the latitude to spend himself. If he is sufficiently stimulated and walked around, he can adapt to a wide variety of lifestyles.


The Curly-coated retriever is a sturdy and resistant dog . However, there are predispositions to some diseases in this breed, including the following:  dysplasia and entropion.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Curly-coated retriever is subject to 2 moults a year , usually occurring in the spring and fall. Its maintenance does not pose any particular problem if it is carried out regularly and with care.

Outings ...

The Curly-coated retriever needs a long walk, once or twice a day . It must remain active and have the ability to move freely over large spaces, otherwise it may become bored and develop undesirable behaviors, like most dogs.

Hygiene ...

It is recommended to brush the dog 1 to 2 times a week. During moulting, brushing becomes more frequent to remove dead hair. It can be bathed 3 times a year, as needed.

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