Basics of Dog Breed: Dalmatian

Posted on December 04 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Dalmatian

Dalmatian is a very popular dog, known throughout the world and particularly in France. It is a dog with the appearance mixing power and harmony. The body is rectangular and muscular. The dog is adorned with nummular spots characteristic of the breed.

Race history

As the name suggests, Dalmatian originates in the historical region of Dalmatia, Croatia . The first references to this breed date from the 18th century. The dog was named by the British naturalist Thomas Pennant in his book Synopsis des Quadrupedes  in 1771.

The Dalmatian, indeed, keeps a certain affinity with the horses that he has long rubbed. The first official standard was developed in 1890 with the creation of the Dalmatian Club in England and published by the FCI in April 1955.

Physical characteristics

Its hair : short, shiny, hard and dense, and this, on the entire dog's dress.
Its color : pure white background with round spots of 2 to 3 cm in diameter, black or brown, depending on whether the dog belongs to one or other of the two varieties. These spots must be symmetrically distributed throughout the body and clearly defined with respect to the white background.
Its head  : prism-shaped, in proportion and in harmony with the rest of the body. The skull is flat, with a slight lateral roundness. The stop is moderately marked.
Its ears  : in the shape of isosceles triangles, with rounded ends and black or brown spots similar to those of the dress. Attached high and well worn against the head.
Its body : the tourniquet is well drawn, the back is powerful and straight, the kidney short and muscular, the rump inclined less than 30 °.
Its tail : strong at the fastener, then refined when arriving towards the end. Worn in saber and attached in continuity with the rump.

Behavior with others

Dalmatian is a sensitive dog that requires a lot of pedagogy and patience. He is neither nervous nor aggressive , but is often described as a strong head and not always easy to live with. An active, intelligent and independent dog , he has an assertive character that should be learned to manage early enough. He is also a good guard dog , brave and who loves outdoor outings.


Because he has a  strong personality  and  can sometimes be stubborn , the Dalmatian requires a firm education from the master. It is aimed more at experienced people.

Living conditions

The Dalmatian  can adapt to all lifestyles as long as it is allowed to let off steam outdoors. So, the apartment in town is not really the most appropriate. It is better for a master who already has some experience and who knows how to manage its assertive character. If he is properly educated, he is a pleasant and loyal pet dog. It is best to sleep Dalmatian indoors because its short hair does not offer significant protection.


Although robust, Dalmatian can be affected by different conditions that are specific to the breed. Deafness is one of them, it appears in a large percentage of puppies (20 to 30%) . PEA (Auditory Evoked Potential) tests are used to assess the electrical activity of the auditory nerve pathways of the ear and brain to detect possible hearing loss.

Dalmatian also has the distinction of eliminating very little uric acid compared to dogs of other breeds. This results in a higher risk of urinary stone formation and the appearance of renal pathology. Finally, the risk of developing a mega-esophagus (dilation of the esophagus) is never to be excluded in the race.

Maintenance and hygiene

With his short hair, Dalmatian is not a dog particularly difficult to maintain , but it must remain regular to maintain cleanliness and good health of the coat and skin. This is less well protected than in dogs with medium or long hair.

The hair of Dalmatian is to  brush regularly  to eliminate any impurity that settles on the outputs.


Dalmatians need a  balanced diet  to maintain their health at their best. It can be satisfied with  high quality croquettes , which will cover all its needs. It is also possible to give him  human food , provided he knows how to  ration it . Thus, raw meat, fresh vegetables, rice and pasta are all choices.

Physical activity

Dalmatian is an  active dog  that needs to be active . He can  only endure living in an apartment  if he has enough opportunities to stretch his legs and run. The  walks should be long and frequent  (at least 2 per day).

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Dalmatian is between 400 € and 900 €.
The annual maintenance cost of a Dalmatian is between 1350 € and 1450 €.

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