Basics of Dog Breed: Dobermann

Posted on December 04 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Dobermann

The Dobermann is a German dog known as the "policeman's dog". It is a watchdog par excellence, but also a great companion of life. He will look after his master and his entire family, be gentle, delicate and attentive. It does not require any particular maintenance and proves to be easy to feed as to train despite a sometimes difficult character.

Race history

Originally from Germany , the breed owes its name to its first breeder: Frédéric Louis Dobermann (1834 - 1894). The latter, collector of taxes, responsible for a rendering and charged by the municipality to pick up stray dogs, was looking for a protection dog that stands out for its courage and its bite. The Dobermann has thus benefited from the contributions of different breeds of "butcher's dogs", but also of shepherds, such as that of Thuringia. He has common ancestors with the Rottweiler .

The Dobermann has been a great success with people and institutions wanting a protective and dissuasive dog. He has established himself as a watchdog, defense, protection of flocks and police. He is also an excellent pet dog. The breed was officially recognized definitively by the FCI on January 1st, 1955.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: short, tight, rough texture, well laid and without undercoat.
Its color: black or brown, with fire marks perfectly delimited. These are above the eyes, on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest, feet, inner thighs and around the anus.
Its head: lying down. Strong skull, proportionate to the body, with well-developed muscles and eyebrows.
Its ears: tied up. Well erect if cut, falling if not cut. As a reminder, the cutting of the ears is prohibited in France, except for curative purposes (Decree No. 2009-1768 of December 30, 2009, Art R. 214-21).
Its eyes :oval shape, medium size, dark color (possibly lighter in brown dogs).
Its body: with his hindquarters clearly out, his back short and muscular, his kidney long and muscular, his chest well developed and his belly distinctly raised.
Its tail: attached high, short, preserved as it is in countries where tail docking is prohibited. If cut, 2 vertebrae are left.

Behavior with others

The Dobermann is a loving dog and never unnecessarily aggressive, despite its dissuasive appearance . He is very attached to his family and children . The Dobermann is above all very loyal to his master and will seek not only to please him, but also to defend it with all his determination. Extremely attentive , concerned about the safety of his master in his family, suspicious of strangers , he is a courageous and infallible watchdog.


The Dobermann is a dog with a strong character . It can be dominant with regard to its congeners , especially those of the same sex. It must therefore be socialized early and educated firmly and fairly . The game and the rewards are the best ways to get a balanced, respectful and happy Dobermann. His intelligence, receptivity and love for work greatly facilitate his education.

Living conditions

Despite his basically calm temperament and even though he was very well educated, the Dobermann is not made to live in an apartment . He must live indoors because of his sensitivity to cold and humidity, but he can not be happy in a small space.

A house with a large fenced garden would suit him perfectly. The Doberman is primarily intended for a master who knows how to be respected and who is as much able to give him affection as to offer him frequent activities.


The Dobermann is a dog overall robust and resistant , except cold and moisture . Dobermann may also have problems with hip dysplasia . It is often hereditary and this disease can be detected. Nevertheless, it is necessary to pay attention to the harsh winters as well as periods of heat wave, that it will support badly. He is also subject, the advancing age, to  cardiac pathologies . We must therefore be careful to follow the state of his heart when he begins to age.

Maintenance and hygiene

In Dobermann, moulting is very weak , because the dog has no undercoat. Its maintenance is very simple because of its short hair, but it must be regularly cleaned to be clean and shiny.

It is recommended to brush the dog every week . It is also possible to clean your dress using a rubber glove to capture dead hair and any debris, especially after walks.


The Dobermann can feed exclusively on  industrial food . The  high quality croquettes  provide all the essential elements to maintain its good health and allow it to keep a relatively high energy capacity.

Physical activity

The Dobermann needs a lot of exercise to be fulfilled and fit. It is a powerful dog , full of energy and who needs to express it. He enjoys long daily walks and games that stimulate both his body, his intelligence and his senses.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Dobermann is between 800 € and 1300 €.
The annual maintenance cost of a Dobermann is between 1600 € and 1650 €.

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