Basics of Dog Breed: English Cocker Spaniel

Posted on December 04 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: English Cocker Spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniel is a truly popular breed. His character appeals to many families. Despite its long hair, its maintenance is reasonable since only daily brushing is mandatory. He is intelligent, docile, gentle, pleasant to live and always looking to satisfy his master. In addition,he will accompany him in each of his sports outings.

Race history

The English Cocker is one of the oldest breeds of British spaniels. She was recognized as a full-fledged breed in 1873, the year the Kennel Club was created. Its origin is rather vague even if it is acquired since always that this dog comes from England. As a born fighter , the English Cocker was particularly famous as a woodcock lifter. His name " cocker " comes from the English word " woodcock " which means woodcock. Paul Gaillard  introduced in France in the late 19 th  century. The standard of the breed was fixed in 1901.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: mid-long to long, without being abundant, flat and never wavy or curly. The texture of the dress is silky, with fringes lining the legs and hind legs above the hocks.
Its color : can be united (black, red, tawny, chocolate, black and fire, brown and fire, never white), two-tone (white associated with black, orange, brown or lemon), tricolor (black, white and fire or brown) , white and fire) or roasted (blue, orange, lemon, brown).
Its head  : elongated and round. The skull is well developed and clearly chiseled. The stop is well marked.
Its ears  : lobe-shaped, tied down, with fringes of long hairs, flat and silky.
Its eyes : brown or dark brown, occupying most of the orbit space, but not salient. Express the intelligence, vivacity and sweetness of the dog.
Its body  : strong and compact, the top line is firm and straight, the kidney is short and wide, the chest is well developed and the ribs are well bent.
Its tail  : attached slightly lower than the line of the back, carried horizontally (never raised) and wriggling in action.

Behavior with others

The English Cocker is a real concentrate of cheerfulness, vitality and intelligence . His tail wriggles constantly, especially when he is in action and, during the hunt, when he follows a track. At home, he asserts his natural  playfulness with children , while showing affection. As long as he can spend himself, he is a good pet dog but he must not be confined to the living room of a house. He is never happier than when he enjoys living outdoors and spending time.


The English Cocker is a very intelligent dog , his education does not pose any particular problem with regard to assimilation. The only difficulty is knowing how to channel one's enthusiasm and exuberance . A good education from an early age helps to better manage its assertive character. You have to combine  games ,  rewards ,  firmness  and  sweetness.

Living conditions

The English Cocker is a very active dog and is fond of large bushy areas . He will therefore always prefer a more rustic way of life than a city dweller , but he has learned to adapt to the status of urban pet dogs. As long as he has enough space and enjoys long daily walks, he can perfectly acclimatize to the indoor life.


The English Cocker Spaniel can live up to  fifteen years  in  excellent health . It is robust and does not fear  diseases . Nevertheless, he may be subject to obesity  if he does not exercise enough! It must be run daily. His  long ears  also favor  foreign bodies .

Therefore, they should be  cleaned  regularly to prevent  infections  or  ear infections . In addition,  coxo-femoral dysplasia ,  progressive retinal atrophy  and  familial nephropathy  are all possible pathologies in this breed of dog.

Maintenance and hygiene

The silky dress of the English Cocker requires daily maintenance , because impurities of all kinds can easily mingle during walks. As for grooming, the English Cocker does not have to be shaved , otherwise his hair will curl on the regrowth.

It is recommended to clean the ears every week with hydrophilic cotton, to mow the inside and to lighten its attachment by cutting a few hairs. These measures prevent the occurrence of otitis.


Beware, the English Cocker Spaniel tends to  gain weight  quite easily. Its  ration must be controlled  and care must be taken not to overfeed it . His diet is based on  high quality croquettes  that will allow him to find all the necessary vitamins and nutrients, in addition to the proteins and lipids necessary for his daily energy expenditure.

Physical activity

He needs to be out everyday and for several hours. Of rides, walks,outings in the forest or dog sports can be practiced. They are recommended because the Cocker will only enjoy the condition of being able to frolic.

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