Basics of Dog Breed : Flanders Cattle Dog

Posted on September 28 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Flanders Cattle Dog

The Flanders Cattle Dog is a dog with a massive appearance, giving an impression of great strength and power, but without heaviness. He is relatively stocky, his limbs are strong and well muscled

Breed Information:

Other names: Flanders Cattle Dog, Vlamse Koehond
Origin:  Belgium, France
FCI Group: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
FCI number: 191
Hair type: Half-long
Shape of the head: Carree

Race history

The Flanders Cattle Dog breed has its origins in the historic region of Flanders . This county was straddling France and Belgium . He comes from a selection of local Cattle Dogs and quickly put forward his physical strength and intelligence. First used for the care of herds of cattle . The Bouvier des Flandres then emerged as an excellent watchdog and defense, especially on farms. Today, he is also employed by the police force.

Physical characteristics

His hair: supplied, dense, rough to the touch, dry, dull and of medium length. Slightly ruffled, but neither woolly nor curly. Shorter on the head, with whiskers around the upper lip and a beard provided at the chin. 
Its color: gray, brindle, charcoal, even black. A white star on the chest is admitted. 
His head: massive in appearance, proportionate to the body and size of the dog. The skull is well developed and flat, with a length slightly greater than the width. The stop is not very marked. 
His ears: tied high, with the pavilions falling vertically, mid-length, equilateral triangle-shaped and slightly rounded at the tip. 
Their eyes :slightly oval in shape, centered on a horizontal line, dark in color with the eye, with black eyelids and conjunctiva never visible. Display a frank and energetic expression. 
His body: rather stocky, powerful and short. The back and kidney are short, broad and muscular, the chest is wide and well down to the level of the elbows. The belly is little raised. 
His tail: tied up, aligned to the spine. 

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 27 kg and 35 kg Between 59 cm and 65 cm
Male Between 35 kg and 40 kg Between 62 cm and 68 cm

A dog breed Flanders Cattle Dog is classified in the category of large dogs .

Behavior and character

The Bouvier des Flandres is a dog whose loyalty and attachment to his master and his family are flawless. Affectionate with regard to children , however, he can be dominant with his peers , especially if they are of the same sex. Driven by an unusual courage and protection instinct, he is also particularly suspicious of foreigners . All this makes it an excellent watchdog .


As the Flanders Cattle Dog is a dog with a  strong character , it needs a  firm and coherent education . His master must be the pack leader in his eyes. Otherwise, the dog may become difficult to manage as an adult and will always want to take over. Its  socialization must be early and quality  to mitigate its dominant behavior vis-à-vis other dogs.


The Flanders Cattle Dog is a very resistant dog, both cold and heavy efforts. It rarely falls ill, but the breed remains affected by various inherited disorders: hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, lumbosacral region abnormalities or cardiac stenosis.

Maintenance & Hygiene


The Flanders Cattle Dog undergoes a very moderate or almost non-existent moulting . Its losses are made by balls of hair and not by scattered hairs. Its rustic dress requires only regular maintenance to prevent disorders and accumulations of dust.


It is recommended to  brush the dog at weekly  or biweekly intervals to keep the coat and skin clean and healthy. It is also advisable to have it  groomed by a professional about 3 times a year . Care must be taken that the beard, eyebrows and mustaches are not cut.

Physical activity

Although the Flanders Cattle Dog is  rather calm  during most of the day, he  needs a lot of exercise during his daily outings  due, in particular, his musculature developed and his taste for work.

Living conditions

The Flanders Cattle Dog is clearly not made to live in an apartment , but rather in a house with fenced garden allowing him to work freely. He needs an active and available master , to offer him enough exercise, but also experienced in order not to let his dominant character take over.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 600 € 900 €

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