Basics of Dog Breed: Golden Retriever

Posted on January 09 2019

Basics of Dog Breed: Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular breeds in the world as it exudes a cheerful and friendly attitude. His intelligence and affectionate dog image, perfect for the family, explain this success. His gold coat is characteristic. She is also an excellent swimmer and fit for work. Hunting, guide dog for the blind, search and rescue are areas where he excels.

Race history

The Golden Retriever is a dog with controversial origins . One of the related theories is a descendant of Caucasian shepherds acquired in 1858 by Lord Tweedmouth. Another story would be that we crossed a Spaniel of water with a Wavy Coated, keeping from each litter only the puppies with the golden dress. Another legend tells that the Golden Retriever is born from a cross between a water Spaniel and a Bloodhound.

It was in 1909 that the breed appeared for the first time in a dog show. She was registered in England in 1913 before being recognized in 1931 as a purebred . France imported the first individuals in 1925. However, breeding did not take off until the end of the world war. Since the 1990s, it's a very popular breed.

Physical characteristics

Its hair : long and fringed, it can be wavy or flat. The tight and thick undercoat is waterproof.
Its color : shades range from creamy white to dark walleye.
Its head : wide, she has a very marked stop and a black truffle. The skull is as long as the muzzle.
Its ears are dangling and of medium size, they are attached to eye level.
Its eyes : well apart, they are dark brown. The edges of the eyelids are also dark.
Its body : harmonious and robust.
Its tail : tied at the height of the back, she reaches the hock without ever winding.

Behavior with others

The Golden Retriever is defined by the FCI standard as a sociable , affectionate , loyal and docile dog . It is an intelligent breed that can be an exceptional hunting animal, but also an extremely gentle companion for seniors and children of all ages. Sure of him, he is a worker of nature. He prefers, however, the company of his masters to solitude.

It requires a lot of affection and attention . It is a public entertainer, capable of all jokes to attract the attention of his master or his assistance.


In the case of the Golden Retriever puppy, we never talk about dressage. Indeed, this breed of great sensitivity must be educated through more encouragement than reprimands. His stubborn and independent character could resurface if he feels compelled to do something against his will. The tact and the patience will therefore be the assets of a good master. He continually seeks to please and satisfy his owner . Finally, it is important to ensure early socialization.

Living conditions

The Golden Retriever can put up with an indoor life as long as he can stay close to his masters and come out every day. Despite everything, he will be much happier if he has an outdoor area where he can run and have fun until he is breathless.


The Golden Retriever is a sturdy dog ​​that loves water. It must still be careful to dry his tail, especially at the base, to prevent the muscles contract painfully. The ears are also quite fragile and it can be prone to allergies, dermatitis and other skin diseases. Among the most common risks, it also has some predispositions to cancers , hip dysplasia or cataracts in its old years.

Maintenance and hygiene

It has a thick undercoat. It is therefore  recommended to brush daily  (if possible) or once a week to the absolute minimum to avoid entanglement. In addition,  the moulting of the Golden Retriever is regular , but increases in the spring. At this season, the amount of hair lost is important.

It has  a self-cleaning hair  that must be brushed regularly to prevent the formation of knots. A  bath every 2 or 3 months is enough . His grooming should, if possible, be entrusted to a professional.


The Golden Retriever needs a balanced diet to avoid overweight. His daily ration is ideally taken in 2 meals . It is estimated that he eats an average of 400 grams of premium croquettes . The quantities will increase or decrease depending on the quality of the kibble.

Physical activity

It adapts quite easily to apartment living. This does not prevent it from enjoying at least one exit per day, preferably in places near water or swamp. He needs to exercise vigorously for 30 minutes and twice a day in order to channel his boundless energy. It is a dog that overflows with life and loves to play outside especially with soft toys.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Golden Retriever is between 500€ and 1000€.
The annual maintenance cost of a Golden Retriever is between 1400€ and 1500€.

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