Basics of Dog Breed: Great Dane

Posted on December 10 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Great Dane

The Great Dane has a very imposing, but harmonious, look. Which earned him the nickname of Apollo of the canine gent.

Race history

The origin of the breed has long been controversial. The situation was explained by the fact that the Great Dane is of German origin , but that the breed has been widespread in Denmark at a certain period , hence its other name: Great Dane. This breed comes from a line of hunting dogs of boars and bulls in the Middle Ages .

The Great Dane would descend from the Tibetan Molossus and the old Bullenbeisser. The term Dogue refers to several powerful breeds. The breeding of the Great Dane proper started in 1878, in Berlin. The first standard was established in 1880 during a dog show. Several modifications have been made to this standard before being what is today the one that is recognized FCI.

Physical characteristics

Its hair : very short, it is smooth and shiny.
Its color : blue, black, harlequin (white with black spots), tawny or brindle (light brown with black stripes or dark brown).
Its head : elongated skull and delicately chiseled, rather broad truffle, rectangular muzzle and wide jaws.
Its ears : tied up, they are naturally drooping.
Its eyes : very dark in color except in blue or harlequin individuals, they are very expressive.
Its body : the trunk and the height at the withers form an approximate square.
Its tail : attached high, its thickness gradually decreases towards the tip.

Behavior with others

The power that comes from his physical and his barking predisposes the Dane for gard e . This is confirmed by his affectionate nature and his attachment to his masters. Awake without being aggressive , he is an excellent companion and a faithful protector for the whole family, especially young children.


The Great Dane can be very gentle and docile if he receives a good education. One of the first things to teach him is not to pull on his leash . Indeed, it can reach 70 kg at adulthood. He needs to understand from an early age that there are rules to follow. But since he is a receptive dog , he has no problem understanding that he owes obedience to his masters.

Living conditions

There is a tendency to believe that huge dogs need a lot of space to feel comfortable. But in fact, the Great Dane likes a lot inside . And besides, it has absolutely nothing invasive . During cold seasons, it is best to keep it warm in the house or apartment, especially at night.


The Great Dane requires a lot of attention , especially during his first 3 years. Indeed, it needs exercises, but it is necessary to limit them, because the frame is fragile at this period . His diet needs to be adjusted regularly as he grows up very quickly. The hip dysplasia is the most frequent risk, especially if the parents are already achieved. The life span of the Great Dane rarely goes beyond 9 years.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Great Dane loves to take care of him. Some marks of attention which he likes can be assimilated to his maintenance.

The Great Dane needs his hair brushed regularly . It must also be checked that his ears are clean and that the skin is not hurt or irritated. From time to time, you have to cut your nails and clean your eyes . A monthly bath with a proper shampoo will delight him if he is used to it since he was little.


The diet  of the Great Dane is preponderant for the quality of its life and its bone development. Thus, in the first months of his life, he knows a very fast growth, from a weight of 600 grams at birth to a weight of 80 kg at 15 months. In fact, his diet should be able to allow him to grow without the slightest deficiency.

Several meals a day are required. Then, thereafter, his cruising pace of one to two meals a day. While high-quality kibble food   allows it to eat everything it needs for its development, many breeders choose human food made from raw meat, fresh vegetables, cereals and starchy foods. make happy.

Physical activity

The Great Dane is not very demanding on walks . Like most large dogs, he only needs a little physical exercise to avoid stressing his joints. A good walk a day is enough for him.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Great Dane is between 1000 € and 1500 €.
The annual maintenance cost of a Great Dane is between € 2,000 and € 2100.

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