Basics of Dog Breed: Griffon Bruxellois

Posted on January 14 2019

Basics of Dog Breed: Griffon Bruxellois

Race history

Like its two close cousins ​​(the Belgian Griffon and the Petit Brabançon), the Brussels Griffon  descends from a small dog with a hard coat: the Smousje . The latter has its origins in the Brussels region. The Brussels Griffon benefited from contributions from other small breeds, such as the King Charles Spaniel Ruby and the Pug, to get closer to its current standard. 2 Brussels Griffons named Topsy and Foxine are the first representatives of the breed to be listed in the Book of Origins St. Hubert in 1883. The Brussels Griffon has subsequently enjoyed great success in the kingdom and elsewhere in the world. It was definitively recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) on October 26, 1954. Its official FCI standard in force was published in March 2003.

Physical characteristics

The Brussels Griffon is a small, solid pet dog, with a good bone structure, an elegant look and almost human expression. He is one of the small Belgian dogs, with the Belgian Griffon and the Petit Brabancon. It differs from the latter by its hard and longer hair.

Its hair: double (coat hair and undercoat), hard, medium length, but not too much not to alter the silhouette of the dog. Slightly wavy, but not curly.
Its color: red, russet, with possibly a little black on the head.
Its head :rather large compared to the body, displaying a quasi-human expression, covered with a hard and tousled hair, sufficiently furnished above the eyes, on the chamfer, the cheeks and the chin. The skull is broad and round, the stop very accused, the front is well rounded. The truffle is black, wide and nostrils well open. The jaw is characterized by a lower prognathism.
Its ears: small, tied high, well apart, semi-erect and drooping forward.
Its eyes: large, well rounded, well apart, brown (as dark as possible), bordered with black. The white of the eyeball is not visible.
Its body :writable in a square, powerful. The tourniquet is slightly out, the back straight and strong, the kidney short and muscular, the rump broad and very slightly inclined, the chest wide, the belly slightly raised.
Its tail: tied up and carried high, with the pointing directed towards the back, but never rolled up.

Behavior with others

The Brussels Griffon is a dog that is both happy , intelligent , proud and curious. Very attached to his master , never fearful or aggressive, he is particularly alert. He gets along pretty well with children and other dogs.

Education ...

The Brussels Griffon is relatively easy to educate . Provided, of course, to go early and know how to combine firmness and affection. He simply needs his master to become the leader of the pack to be cropped and become an excellent pet dog.

Living conditions

Dog companion above all else, the Brussels Griffon appreciates being able to stay close to his master and his family. It is perfectly suited to apartment living, but also to a rural environment.


The Brussels Griffon is a rather robust dog, which fears very little cold and moisture. On the other hand, it does not support heat well enough . The breed has predispositions to certain diseases: hydrocephalus (excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid inside the cavities of the brain), "aberrant eyelashes" (distichiasis and trichiasis), dislocations , dysplasia of the hip and sometimes skin allergies ...

Maintenance and hygiene

The Brussels Griffon remains subject to a moderate moult with losses of hair just as light . His dress requires a minimum of maintenance to maintain the appearance and cleanliness.

Outings ...

He just needs a good daily outing , with some exercise. He is not a huge sportsman, but must still be able to spend himself regularly.

Hygiene ...

It is recommended to brush the dog every week or more often during the moult. Some grooming sessions can be performed, especially for hair removal.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Brussels Griffon is between 1000 € and 1500 €.
The annual maintenance cost of a Brussels Griffon is between NC and NC.

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