Basics of Dog Breed : Havanese

Posted on September 26 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Havanese

The Havanese is a small pet dog and vigorous companion, leggy and with a lively and flexible. Her dress is made up of long and abundant hairs.

Breed Information:

Other names: Havana Silk Dog, Havanese, Havanese
Origin:  Cuba
FCI Group: Dogs of pleasure and companionship
FCI number: 250
Hair type: Long
Shape of the head: Carree

Race history

The Havanese is one of the 4 breeds of Bichon, with Maltese, Bolognese and Frize. If it bears the name of the capital of Cuba , it is mainly because it has been implanted by Italian and Spanish navigators , since the origins of the race are most likely on the western side of the Mediterranean basin. . The breed was recognized definitively by the FCI in September 1963.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: that of cover is long, abundant, of soft texture and, preferably, corrugated. The undercoat is underdeveloped or absent, and woolly. 
Its color: rarely of a pure white on the whole of the dress, more often fawn, black, brown, reddish brunette. The spots associated with these colors are allowed. 
His head: of medium length. The skull is broad and flat or very little bulging. The stop is moderately marked. 
His ears: tied high, falling along the cheeks, with pointed ends moderately marked and covered with long fringes. 
His eyes are almond shaped, large in size, dark brown in color and dark in outline (dark brown to black). 
His body :of length a little larger than the height at the withers. The top line is straight, the rump well inclined, the ribs well bent and the bottom line well up. 
His tail: raised in the shape of a stick or ideally rolled up on the back. Covered with long silky fringes.

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 4 kg and 5 kg Between 23 cm and 27 cm
Male Between 4 kg and 6 kg Between 23 cm and 27 cm

A Bichon Havanese dog is classified as a small dog .

Behavior and character

The Havanese perfectly knows how to use its charm, its affection and its natural gaiety to be appreciated as an excellent pet dog . He is also very alert and particularly attentive, which makes him a very good alert dog . The Havanese is also a partner of games of choice for children, which he will also often tend to enjoy with his clown side.


Thanks to his  alertness , his  intelligence  and his  happy temperament , the Havanese Bichon is  educated quite easily , especially through the game to which he will always lend himself willingly. As long as he receives a fair education, in mirth and without excessive punishment or treats, the Havanese will be a very pleasant company throughout his life.


Dog robust and generally having a good longevity (about fifteen years on average), the Havanese does not show any particular health problems. However, it is advisable to monitor its patellae , to prevent any risk of dislocation , and its teeth , to avoid scale deposits . These are the main points to pay attention to, as with most small dogs. Care must be taken to spare it from cold and dampness.

Maintenance & Hygiene


The Havanese is subject to a single moult a year , during which it loses only relatively few hairs. Its maintenance should be regular because of the length of its coat , but it is far from being unpleasant, because its dress is soft and simple to handle.


The  brushing  of the Havanese is  daily  in order to maintain the cleanliness of his robe . The main thing is to  ensure the shine of the hair , the good health of the skin and to avoid the formation of knots. A grooming session may be necessary from time to time, but it is not recommended to cut his hair.

Physical activity

The Havanese  needs daily walks . This is the minimum for him, even if he is  not especially a great sportsman . He needs above all attention and play.

Living conditions

The Havanese is mainly an indoor dog . He looks for the proximity of his master and his family . The possibility of enjoying an outdoor space where he can evolve freely would not displease him either, especially since it would allow him to fully express his talents as a warning dog.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 800 € 1300 €


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