Basics of Dog Breed: Hovawart

Posted on January 15 2019

Basics of Dog Breed: Hovawart-WOPET

The Hovawart is a dog with multiple talents. It can be a watchdog, protection or even rescue. He has great qualities, including being an excellent companion for families. He is gentle, attentive, sensitive and calm and calm. He will never worry and will never be aggressive with the children he loves. His health is robust and his maintenance very simple despite his long dress. The Hovawart is a medium to large size, vigorous-looking, medium-sized, plush, long-haired, utility dog.

Race history

The  Hovawart breed  has very old German origins , since it was already known and used in the Middle Ages , where this dog was mainly raised as a guardian in the farmhouses (Wart: guardian / Hova: farm). Farming took another turn in the inter-war, with readjusted standards and the contributions of other breeds such as the German Shepherd , Leonberger and Newfoundland . In its home country, Hovawart is highly screened and monitored to reduce the risk of hip dysplasia. The Hovawart breed was definitively recognized by the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) on November 21st, 1955.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: long, thick, tight, well lying, of greater length at the level of the chest, on the belly, on the posterior face of the forelegs and thighs, as well as on the tail. The coat is associated with a small amount of undercoat.
Its color: black, black marked with fire or blond (light fawn).
Its head covered with a hair shorter than the rest of the body, the right chamfer and the same length as the skull. The latter is strong and the forehead is broad and rounded at the top. The stop is well marked, the black truffle, the well developed nostrils, the strong muzzle, the lips well joined and the jaws powerful and articulated in scissors, with a complete dentition (42 teeth).
Its ears :triangular shaped, drooping, tied high, well apart, at the slightly rounded end, a little directed forward when the dog is attentive.
Its eyes: oval and dark brown to medium.
Its body: writable in a rectangle, the length of the trunk being greater than the height at the withers. The neck is strong, moderately long and without bowing. The back is rectilinear and firm, the kidney robust and slightly longer than the rump, which is a little inclined and of medium length. The chest is wide and powerful.
Its tail: pendulous during the rest phase or raised on the back when the dog is awake. Covered with a bushy hair and protruding from the tip of the hock.

Behavior with others

The Hovawart is an  excellent dog  in several areas. It can be used as a companion, guard, protection or even rescue and tracking dog. Indeed, it has an  excellent flair  and is endowed with a  protection instinct . This canine is deeply  kind, gentle  and  delicate  with its master and adoptive family. He will protect it against any intruder against whom he will be  vigilant  and not aggressive. He is sure of himself, faithful and  very balanced . He is an  ideal playmate  for children. It does not necessarily appreciate at first sight the same-sex congeners.


His  education  is  simplified  by his  intelligence  and a  character  of great gentleness. Hovawart wants above all to please his master, whom he considers more than anyone. He must be educated with  firmness  and  gentleness  at a time. Do not be aggressive or impatient. On the contrary, repetition of gestures is the best way to achieve one's ends. We must start as soon as possible, especially to socialize and make it open to congeners or foreigners.He likes to learn and please his master, hence the need to focus on the methods of positive reinforcement.

Living conditions

The Hovawart is satisfied with all  environments . He can live in an  apartment , provided he is walked several times a day. He is also a big fan of country life, helped by his ability to withstand the cold. His fur protects him from the cold but he can not stand the hot weather. The  weather  does not scare him, he who  loves water  and does not hesitate to dive into a lake when he sees one. The Hovawart asks above all for the human presence and that of his master is preponderant to his well-being.


Thanks to a drastic selection, Hovawart has significantly reduced the risk of developing  hip dysplasia . However, it is advisable to regulate its physical activity in its first years of life to allow a good growth and not to solicit too much its joints. This dog may also be subject to  degenerative myelopathy , which affects the spinal cord and appears late. It causes  paralysis of the rear axle. Disease that is found in the German Shepherd and is a sign of old age. In addition, Hovawart has a  very good health.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Hovawart does not need a  very thorough maintenance  despite its long hair. Indeed,  regular brushing  is simply required. A  bath  can be taken. This dog will never be against a dip in the water.

It is recommended to brush the dog once a week using a curry. Brushing is more common during moulting, as the dog needs to be freed from ears and breeches where dead hair can accumulate. Regular cleaning of the ears, with a piece of cotton and a specific lotion, is also necessary.


The  diet  of Hovawart must be  adapted  to its morphology. It should not promote weight gain to avoid stressing the joints too hard. Of  high quality kibble  are recommended. They will meet all the energy needs of this dog.

Physical activity

The Hovawart is a dog that needs daily outings to get active, as well as games and exercises to boost one's physical and mental abilities. Until the age of one, he must be entitled to several rather short outings. In adulthood, he needs a good hour every day, either in a single walk, or in 2 of half an hour or more.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Hovawart is between 900€ and 1100€.
The annual maintenance cost of a Hovawart is between 1450€ and 1550€.

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