Basics of Dog Breed: King Charles Spaniel
Posted on April 18 2019
The King Charles Spaniel was mentioned in the 16th century in documents dating from that time. In the next century, breeders selected small individuals to produce a variety of smaller sized spaniels. Being part of the same family as the Cavalier King Charles, he is named King Charles Spaniel in reference to King Charles II who particularly appreciated this type of dog.
Originally, it was used as a hunting and companion dog by wealthier families. The King Charles Spaniel has been crossed with various Eastern dogs to achieve current standards, including the Japanese Spaniel. The King Charles Spaniel breed was definitively accepted by the FCI on January 3, 1955. The currently valid breed standard dates from October 13, 2010.
The King Charles Spaniel is a dog whose physique is cob type, to use a term specific to riding: it is stocky and small. With a refined and elegant appearance, he is smaller than his cousin, the Cavalier King Charles. It is also rarer. The silhouette of King Charles Spaniel can fit in a square.
Its hair: silky, long and straight, but can be slightly wavy, but not too much. Never buckled. The dog wears abundant fringes on the ears, the tail and the legs.
Its color: intense black and shiny fire, tricolor (pearl white background, black spots and bright fire spots), Blenheim (pearl white background and reddish brown marks well distributed) or Ruby (unicolour, intense brown red).
Its head: dome, bulky compared to the size of the dog. The stop is well marked between the skull and the nose.
Its ears: very long, covered with abundant fringes, tied down and hanging flat against the cheeks.
Its eyes: big, dark, well apart and with a pleasant expression.
Its body: stocky, writable in a square, with short back and straight, chest wide and well down.
Its tail: well fringed and not worn on the back so cut. Well fringed and proportionate to the rest of the body if uncut.
Behavior with others
The King Charles Spaniel is a pleasure spaniel with a happy, gentle and affectionate character. He is calmer than the Cavalier King Charles and is rather reserved, even if he is very attached to his master and his family. Its reserve does not make it an aggressive animal vis-à-vis strangers. Intelligent and playful, King Charles Spaniel enjoys the company of children. He enjoys hugs and signs of affection in general. It is not by chance that he is often compared to a cat.
Its flair, hearing and intelligence make it a dog not only pleasant to live, but also relatively simple to educate. To teach him the limits not to be crossed and to offer him a good sociability are enough to make him an excellent companion. The King Charles Spaniel loves play: take advantage of this character trait to perfect his education and strengthen your ties.
The King Charles Spaniel is primarily an indoor dog. He is however fond of outdoor activities because of his primary vocation as a hunting dog. Living in an apartment and in the city suits him perfectly as long as he is regularly walked around and kept in good health.
Side health, the King Charles Spaniel is to be watched on the level of the eyes, the ears, the respiratory system and the heart. Like the Cavalier King Charles, he is likely to suffer from a microphthalmia that can be associated with cataracts. It can also have problems with irritations in the ears and breathing and / or heart difficulties. Know finally that the birth can be delicate in the female.
Maintenance and hygiene
The King Charles Spaniel performs 2 moults a year, one in the fall and another in the spring. Its abundant dress, fringed ears and eyes should be regularly maintained to preserve cleanliness and health.
The King Charles Spaniel needs daily walks and opportunities to let off steam.
It is recommended to brush the dog once a week using a brush without iron pin or a flexible card, then with a fine comb. Be careful that his hair does not form knots. The bath is to be given every two months, taking care to use a special dog shampoo and to undo the knots beforehand if there are any.