Basics of Dog Breed: Labrador Retriever

Posted on April 18 2019

Basics of Dog Breed: Labrador Retriever-WOPET

The Labrador Retriever is a medium-sized, sturdy, sand, chocolate or black dog. Highly appreciated by families, he is often happy with children with whom he is a great play partner. His jovial and friendly expression greatly contributes to his success. Labrador is one of the youngest dogs in the world.

Race history

The Labrador Retriever is an English dog whose ancestors were brought back from Newfoundland as early as 1814. The ancestor of Labrador would be the " St John's Dog ", a smaller variant than Newfoundland which developed in Canada. . The St. John's dog helped the fishermen to go out in search of fish. That's why Labrador deserves the name Retriever. He brings everything back.

In 1814 he would have conquered England. The selection began in 1822 when this dog from Newfoundland received the name Labrador from the  Earl of Malmesbury. He arrived in France at the very end of the 19 th  century. Since then, he is one of the favorite dogs of French families.

Physical characteristics

Its hair : short, thick, without ripple. It is impermeable to bad weather.
Its color : the dress is entirely yellow (sand), black or brown (chocolate). The Labrador sand takes several weeks to get its final shade unlike the black Labrador. The chocolate Labrador has long been snubbed in France. However, this aspect is more and more appreciated.
Its head : round with a right muzzle. The skull and truffle are wide, but the cheeks are not thick.
Its ears : tied back and of medium size, they fall on the sides of the head.
Its eyes : medium in size are brown or hazel.
Its body: has a horizontal line on the top. The chest is broad and well built just like the kidney which remains short and strong.
Its tail : imposing at the base, it is refined towards the end. She must not curl on her back.

Behavior with others

Sweet, faithful, intelligent and playful , the Labrador Retriever is the perfect companion for everyone . It is also one of the most widespread dog breeds in the world. Good guardian , he is not too fearful . Particularly patient and docile , he is fantastic as a guide dog for the blind. Listening, ardent and voluntary , he is very appreciated by the rescuers.


The puppies can be very turbulent. Nevertheless, the Labrador Retriever is good at learning . He will become a pleasant dog if you teach him firmly the basic rules of conduct necessary for his safety and yours. The education  of the Labrador Retriever must be through  play . We must also not hesitate to reward him for his good deeds. He is quite receptive  and  emotional.

Living conditions

The Labrador Retriever can adapt in a city environment , even if it is more done for the countryside. He is of a very welcoming nature and loves the company. The loneliness can quickly weigh him. So much so that it will turn into a bulldozer if you do not give it the attention and the time it deserves.


The Labrador Retriever is subject to obesity,  regular exercise and balanced nutrition are essential. This will minimize joint problems such as dysplasia of the hip or elbow. Some eye problems are also common: retinal dysplasia, cataracts and retinal atrophy. The torsion or gastric swelling are elements that the master must always be monitored. An untreated swollen belly can be fatal for Labrador.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Labrador interview is not very restrictive. Only brushing during moulting periods (spring and autumn) takes a lot of time.

During the moulting period , use a wire brush . Regarding his claws, he must regularly use them on hard ground. Shorten them, if necessary, with a specific clamp. Two baths a year are enough . In the Labrador Retriever, the major fragility is in the ears . They should be monitored and cleaned regularly with a product recommended by your veterinarian. Otherwise, it will be subject to chronic ear infections.


Be careful  not to overfeed  Labrador, which appreciates food and is quite greedy. His ration  of high quality croquettes must be given  twice . In the morning during a light meal and in the evening during a dinner more hearty.

Physical activity

They are essential to live alongside a sociable and healthy dog. Have him meet other peers from an early age. If you have already educated him on the "reminder", let him run across the fields! His joie de vivre will be communicative and he will be eternally grateful to you.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Labrador Retriever is between 1000€ and 1500€.
The annual maintenance cost of a Labrador Retriever is between 1450€ and 1550€.

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