Basics of Dog Breed : Maltese

Posted on September 26 2018

Basics of Dog Breed : Maltese

The Maltese Bichon is a small, quiet and very intelligent dog that has a narrow and long trunk, small in size with a long white and silky hair. It is a very elegant little dog with a proud and distinguished head wear.

Breed Information:

Other names: Maltese, Maltese
Origin:  Italy
FCI Group: Dogs of pleasure and companionship
FCI number: 65
Hair type: Long
Shape of the head: Carree

Race history

The breed of Bichon Maltais is very old and goes back to antiquity . The famous Aristotle (384-322 BC) refers to a breed of small dogs that he named " canes melitenses " in his nomenclature of existing dogs at the time. The French translation means "Maltese dog". Its name could be derived from the Phoenician "matal" which means "refuge" or "port", and whose semantic root is found in the Sicilian city of Melita. Indeed, the ancestors of these small dogs lived then around the Central Mediterranean in the ports and on the ships, where they hunted the rats and mice that infested the harbor stores and the holds of the boats.

Physical characteristics

His hair  : silky texture, without ripple, dense, shiny and very long. It easily reaches 20 cm long and it can exceed the height of the withers. 
His color  : pure white but he can sometimes draw on pale ivory. 
His head  : rather wide with a flat skull. 
His ears  : triangular and drooping. They are located high on the skull and well provided with hair. 
His eyes  : small, rounded and very dark. 
His body  : has a narrow and long trunk, a little more than 20 cm at the withers. The limbs are muscular with a robust frame. 
His tail  : short and drooping.

Weight and size

Weight Cut
Female Between 3 kg and 4 kg Between 20 cm and 23 cm
Male Between 3 kg and 4 kg Between 21 cm and 25 cm

A Maltese Bichon breed dog is classified as a small dog .

Behavior and character

The Maltese Bichon is a playful and sweet little dog . With great intelligence , he is very keen and very attached to his master . However, he has difficulty coping with loneliness and will not appreciate prolonged absences, as a result of which he will be susceptible. Able to live in the city as in the countryside, it is a good playmate for older children (he may not appreciate the abruptness of the smallest).


To avoid too much anxiety for this little dog, it is important to  teach him early to stay alone from time to time .


Despite its small size might suggest, the Maltese Bichon is a robust dog that very rarely falls ill . It can very occasionally develop some problems like eye infections or suffer from teeth and gums that are a bit more fragile.

Maintenance & Hygiene


The fur of Bichon Maltais is long and silky, so it requires a meticulous and daily care. As it can exceed in length the height of the withers, it requires to be brushed every day with a suitable brush to unravel all the nodes . This small dog is also subject to an annual moult that should be accompanied by a suitable diet, rich in vegetable fiber. To avoid infections, it is also necessary to clean the secretions that embarrass his eyes , this once a week or so.


Good hygiene prevents all infections that could complicate the life of the Maltese Bichon. For this, it is recommended to  pay special attention to his eyes, ears and teeth .

Physical activity

Despite its very good disposition to live in an apartment, the Bichon Maltais needs outings and exercises . He is very energetic and will support all the sporting activities that you can offer him.

Living conditions

The Maltese Bichon does not stand alone and its fur requires daily maintenance. Also, this dog is particularly suitable for apartment living or homes without garden . T ll kinds of families can host a Maltese , whether a family with young children or elderly living alone, provided they are present to receive the affection that these dogs want to give.

Price and budget

Minimum Maximum
Buying price 800 € 1200 €


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