The Maltese Bichon is a small, quiet and very intelligent dog that has a narrow and long trunk, small in size with a long white and silky hair. It is a very elegant little dog with a proud and distinguished head wear.
Dogs of pleasure and companionship
Shape of the head:
The breed of Bichon Maltais isvery old and goes back to antiquity.The famous Aristotle (384-322 BC) refers to a breed of small dogs that he named "canes melitenses" in his nomenclature of existing dogs at the time.The French translation means "Maltese dog".Its name could be derived from the Phoenician "matal" which means "refuge" or "port", and whose semantic root is found in the Sicilian city of Melita.Indeed, the ancestors of these small dogs lived then around the Central Mediterranean in the ports and on the ships, wherethey hunted the rats and mice that infested the harbor storesand the holds of the boats.
His hair : silky texture, without ripple, dense, shiny and very long.It easily reaches 20 cm long and it can exceed the height of the withers. His color : pure white but he can sometimes draw on pale ivory. His head : rather wide with a flat skull. His ears : triangular and drooping.They are located high on the skull and well provided with hair. His eyes : small, rounded and very dark. His body : has a narrow and long trunk, a little more than 20 cm at the withers.The limbs are muscular with a robust frame. His tail : short and drooping.
Weight and size
Between 3 kg and 4 kg
Between 20 cm and 23 cm
Between 3 kg and 4 kg
Between 21 cm and 25 cm
AMaltese Bichonbreed dogis classifiedas a small dog.
Behavior and character
The Maltese Bichon is aplayful and sweet little dog.Withgreat intelligence, he isvery keen and very attached to his master.However, he hasdifficulty coping with lonelinessand will not appreciate prolonged absences, as a result of which he will be susceptible.Able to live in the city as in the countryside, it is agood playmatefor older children (he may not appreciate the abruptness of the smallest).
To avoid too much anxiety for this little dog, it is important to teach him early to stay alone from time to time.
Despite its small size might suggest, the Maltese Bichon is arobust dog that very rarely falls ill.It can very occasionally develop some problems likeeye infectionsor suffer from teeth and gums that are a bit more fragile.
Maintenance & Hygiene
The fur of Bichon Maltais is long and silky, so it requires a meticulous and daily care.As it can exceed in length the height of the withers, it requires to bebrushed every daywith a suitable brush tounravel all the nodes.This small dog is alsosubject to an annual moultthat should be accompanied by a suitable diet, rich in vegetable fiber.To avoid infections, it is also necessary toclean the secretions that embarrass his eyes, this once a week or so.
Good hygiene prevents all infections that could complicate the life of the Maltese Bichon.For this, it is recommended to pay special attention to his eyes, ears and teeth.
Despite its very good disposition to live in an apartment, the Bichon Maltaisneeds outings and exercises.He isvery energeticand will support all the sporting activities that you can offer him.
The Maltese Bichondoes not stand aloneand its fur requires daily maintenance.Also, this dog is particularlysuitable for apartment living or homes without garden.Tll kinds of families can host a Maltese, whether a family with young children or elderly living alone, provided they are present to receive the affection that these dogs want to give.