Basics of Dog Breed: Presa Canario

Posted on December 10 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Presa Canario

The Presa Canario is a large molossoid dog, rather massive, with well-developed musculature and bone structure. Rustic and well proportioned as a whole, the Presa Canario is also recognizable by its black mask, accentuating the imposing character of this dog. Despite his strong constitution, his movements are agile and flexible, his long stride, allowing him to cover a lot of ground.

Race history

The Presa Canario breed would have been obtained by crossing the Majorero , a very old cattle dog from the Canary Islands (mainly Tenerife and Gran Canaria), and molossoid-type dogs brought to the archipelago by the Spaniards. . The Presa Canario quickly proved itself as a guardian and driver of cattle herds, which helped to significantly increase its workforce on the Canary Islands from the 16th and 17th centuries. The Presa Canario breed was provisionally recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) on June 4, 2001, and finally on July 4, 2011.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: short, well laid against the body, rather rough texture, almost without undercoat (except possibly on the neck and back of the thighs).
Its color: brindle or fawn in all shades, possibly with white on the chest and at the base of the neck. The mask is always black.
Its head: massive, compact and brachycephalic in appearance. The stop is marked, the truffle is wide and very black. The jaws are powerful, articulated in scissors.
Its ears: medium-sized, well spread, covered with a short, thin hair, naturally drooping.
Its eyes: slightly oval in shape, medium size, well spaced, dark brown to medium depending on that of the dress (never clear).
Its body: writable in a rectangle. The neck is massive, upright and very muscular, the line of the top right and well drawn, the croup moderately long and rounded (wider in the female), the chest quite ample and well muscled and the ribs well arched.
His tail: thick at its base and going thin towards its end.

Behavior with others

The Presa Canario has all the qualities of a guard dog , being attentive, protective of his master and his family , and naturally suspicious of strangers . It is also traditionally used for the management and care of cattle herds. Equipped with a balanced temperament, it is a calm and confident dog. His deep and deep barking is a characteristic of the breed.


The Presa Canario must be  educated firmly from an early age . It is only then that we make it an obedient dog and without behavioral problems that can become difficult to manage. His education, however, excludes any form of  brutality  that could either "break" the dog or  make it aggressive . A clever blend of firmness and softness is advocated, all while focusing on positive reinforcement.

Living conditions

The Presa Canario is aimed at experienced teachers , who know how to be firm in their education . They must also be available to offer daily exercise and avoid boredom. The Presa Canario will largely prefer having a large fenced garden than living in an apartment.


The Presa Canario is a rustic and particularly robust dog. Note, however, that it must be protected from harsh climatic conditions , because its simple hair (without undercoat) is not enough to protect it from cold and bad weather. In addition, the breed has predispositions to diseases such as hip dysplasia, demodicosis (or demodecia), osteoporosis and epilepsy.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Presa Canario is a dog that is easy to maintain in terms of hygiene , but which has important needs in terms of food. We must therefore ensure that we have the necessary budget before adopting one.

It is recommended to  brush the dog once a week  and make him take  a bath once or twice a year .

Physical activity

The Presa Canario calls for  daily walks and exercises  like any other dog, but it is advisable  not to subject him to an activity too intensive  to preserve his joints.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Presa Canario is between 1000 € and 1200 €.

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