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Basics of Dog Breed : Pug

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Posted on November 21 2018

The Pug is a pretty popular dog in Europe. It is very popular with families or even single people, who do not necessarily have to go out very often to make them happy. He is gentle and attentive to his master, with whom he spends most of his days. He is calm and playful. However, his education is not very simple. It often takes patience.


Race history of Pug

While the development of the breed was primarily in Britain , the deeper origins of the Pug are found in China. He then arrived in Holland during the 17th century with the merchants of the Dutch East India Company. The accession to the throne of William III favored the introduction of the breed in England. The Pug probably owes its name to the Italian comedian Carlo Antonio Bertinazzi (1710-1783), perhaps because of his black mask that evokes those worn by the artist during his performances. The current standard of origin of the breed was published on March 26, 2009.

Physical characteristics of Pug

His hair: short, thin, smooth, soft and shiny. Never hard nor woolly.
His color: fawn, apricot, black or silver. The colors are very sharp and contrasts clear.
His head: wide, round, with flat top, scowling face and clearly marked forehead wrinkles.
His ears: small, thin and soft. Pink (small, folding back) or button (flag falling forward, the end covering the orifice of the ear).
His eyes are large, globular and dark in color. They display an expression mixing sweetness, affection and concern.
His body: fits in a square, short, with a straight line on the top, a broad chest and well curved sides.
His tail: tied up with a pronounced loop, ideally a double loop.

Pug's behavior with others

The Pug is a real concentrate of sweetness . Extremely attached to his master , he can also be very friendly with strangers , making him a very pleasant companion dog, but especially not a good guardian . It is especially his jovial temperament that is sought after, especially by the children with whom he gets along perfectly. He even has that clown side that amuses the whole family , just like his snoring and purring. The pug can also sometimes be stubborn. He appreciates the company and can not stand to be alone.

Pug's Education

Sensibly , the Pug will  not bear the exaggerated remonstrances and the balance of power. He must be educated in the softness , but also in the firmness to avoid that his side "strong head" takes the upper hand in certain situations. His desire to please his master and his playful temperament will do the rest. One might think that his training is simple, it is not. He does not always understand the first time what he is asked. His education  requires  patience and dexterity . You must never get upset or be violent, it would be counterproductive.

Pug's Living conditions

The Pug is an indoor dog . It is not built to withstand harsh weather conditions (hot weather, extreme cold, bad weather ...). The apartment life suits him perfectly and family life also. The breed may be suitable for any type of master, whether experienced or not. What does he aspire to? Has  a calm, relaxing life , next to his master. He needs to go out only for his needs and to stretch his legs from time to time.

Pug's Health

The Pug supports the heat quite badly . In addition, he may face breathing difficulties because of his flattened muzzle . Pug is especially prone to eye conditions because of the sensitivity of its eyes: redness and inflammation can easily occur if they are not regularly cleaned. In the female, problems at parturition are quite common.

Pug's Maintenance and hygiene

The Pug is not a dog particularly difficult to maintain. He simply asks to be brushed regularly, especially during moulting. Its hair, skin and eyes must be clean and tidy to prevent illness. Do not hesitate to check the condition of your ears from time to time.

It is recommended to brush the dog every week using a simple card (hand-held carding comb, made of a board with curved steel points). Brushing becomes daily during moulting. The eyes are to be cleaned with saline . The Pug can take a bath if it is dirty, but do not bathe too frequently. The folds under the nose and the eyes are also to be cleaned.

Pug's Food

The Pug needs a  diet  adapted to its energy expenditure, which is often not very important. Therefore, its diet consists of  high quality croquettes , which will gather all the vitamins and nutrients essential to the health of this canine.

Pug's Physical activity

The Pug does not require much exercise . His daily outings and some games allow him to flourish and stay alive. Some walks may suit him, as long as he is in good company.

Pug's Price and budget

The purchase price of a Pug is between 1100 € and 1600 €.

The annual maintenance cost of a Pug is between 900 € and 950 €.

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