Basics of Dog Breed: Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Posted on November 29 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Race history

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog  is a very old breed dog. It has been present in the Pyrenees for a very long time and has distinguished itself as a herd guard dog over the centuries, repelling all kinds of predators (wolves, felines, bears ...). In the Middle Ages, his courage, his dissuasive character and his power were exploited in the guard of the castles. The Pyrenean mountain dog was very popular in the court of Louis XIV. Count Henry Bylandt made the first detailed description in 1897, and the first clubs of the breed were born in the early 1900s.

The official standard of the Mountain Dog of the Pyrenees was registered with the Central Canine Society in 1923 thanks to Bernard Sénac-Lagrange and the Meeting of Pyrenean Dog Lovers. This document is still used as a basis for the current standard of the breed, with only a few additional details. The Pyrenean mountain dog was definitively recognized by the FCI on January 25, 1955. Its current official standard (in its current version) was published in March 2001.

Physical characteristics

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a large dog, with a large and imposing frame, while giving a certain grace in its lines and its pace.

Its hair: quite long, supple, dense, flat, with a well-supplied undercoat.
Its color: entirely white, with or without light gray spots (badger's hair), pale yellow or orange at the level of the head, ears, at the base of the tail and on some other places of the body.
Its head: in harmony with the proportions of the body, with fairly flattened sides, a slightly domed and ogival-shaped skull at the back. The muzzle wide, slightly shorter than the skull. The stop is on a gentle slope.
Its ears : small, triangular, rounded at their end, lying flat against the head, worn higher in the action and waking phase.
Its eyes are small, almond-shaped, amber-brown in color, displaying a clever, gentle expression.
Its body: the upper is well supported, the withers wide, the back solid, the kidney of medium length, the rump slightly oblique and the chest wide and deep.
Its tail: generously hairy, low reach at rest, raised on the back while rounding in phase of awakening, descending at the point of the hock.

Behavior with others

The Pyrenean mountain dog is a dog who knows how to use his impressive physical constitution to impose respect. Intelligent and affectionate, he is a born protector who will stand up courageously and without any hesitation in the face of any threat to his master and his family. Used at the base for the protection of herds and the guard of the farm, the Mountain Dog of the Pyrenees is of a very suspicious natural towards the foreigners. A character trait that contrasts with his extremely gentle behavior with children, with whom he gets along perfectly.

Education ...

For this kind of independent dog with strong character, it is recommended to show authority during his education. Much more stubborn than naughty, the mountain dog of the Pyrenees is a pleasant companion to live when he has been well educated, that is to say with firmness, but without excessive power ratio. It must also be socialized early enough to prevent aggressive behavior towards other animals and other animals.

Living conditions

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog needs big spaces to be happy. Restricted living spaces and the urban environment are much less suited to him because of his size, character and activity.


Accustomed to the mountain rudeness of winter, the mountain dog of the Pyrenees does not fear at all the cold, since it is well protected by its abundant hair and undercoat. Dog with overall health robust, it is especially its large size which can bring him some health concerns, in particular on the bone plan. Hip and elbow dysplasia should be monitored, as well as possible parrot beaks that can form on the spine in older dogs (around 10 years old) and cause paralysis.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Pyrenean mountain  dog is a rustic dog that requires only regular maintenance. It moults once a year, towards the end of spring. Females can experience 2 annual moults. However, maintenance becomes more complex and expensive for the subjects of exposure.

Outings ...

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog  needs long daily trips. The games and exercises should not be too intensive so as not to promote the wear of its bone capital and its joints.

Hygiene ...

It is recommended to brush the dog using an iron bristle brush every week outside the molt. During this, brushing becomes daily to remove dead hair. The bath is not recommended.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Pyrenean Mountain Dog is between 900 € and 1200 €.

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