Basics of Dog Breed: Rough Collie

Posted on December 04 2018

Basics of Dog Breed: Rough Collie

The Rough Collie is an ideal companion for families who want to have a dog that is attentive, calm, gentle, docile and tender with children. It is easier to maintain despite its dense and thick fur. He is also a perfect sport companion since he needs to run a lot everyday. Finally, his education is particularly easy.

Race history

The Rough Collie has long been used by Scottish shepherds . He retained some of his working qualities, although the emphasis was mainly on subjects to be exhibited. Not unlike his short-haired cousin only by his dress , Rough Collie has been selected for more than a century. It seems that it descends from dog crossings introduced into Scotland by the Roman occupants with local varieties.

Thus we find this breed of dog in exhibitions from the second half of the 19th century in Britain. In France, it is introduced at the very end of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first race club was created. Coming from Eric Knight's novel, the dog Lassi  will popularize this breed of dog, thanks to his television adaptation in several formats. The breed was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale on April 13, 1955.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: very dense, marrying the lines of the dog. Straight and hard texture, the coat is associated with a softer undercoat, as dense as fur and tight. The mane, the crop and the tail are particularly well stocked. Fringes cover the fore and hind limbs, especially above the hocks.
Its color: sable, sable and white (all tone, from the lightest to the most intense or shaded), tricolor (dominant black, with bright spots on the limbs and head) and blue merle (predominantly clear, blue silver, marbled with black, preferably with bright fire markings). Presence of white marks regardless of the main color.
Its head : wedge-shaped seen from the front or in profile. The skull is flat, the stop light but noticeable, the black truffle, the tip of the muzzle smooth and well rounded without being pinched, the jaws strong and articulated perfect scissors.
Its ears: small, not too far apart, not too close to each other, brought forward, semi-erect with the upper third falling naturally forward.
Its eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped, dark brown in color (blue or blotchy in blue merle dogs), displaying a sweet, lively and intelligent expression.
Its body: slightly longer than high. The back is well supported, the kidney slightly arched, the chest high and wide enough, the ribs well arched.
Its tail : long, well stocked with hair, carried low when the dog is calm, cheerful when in action.

Behavior with others

The Rough Collie is a dog that is awake, intelligent and kind. With a friendly, happy and active temperament , he is gentle towards children and his peers . He is never fearful or aggressive. The Rough Collie is very attached to his master . At home, he is a great companion for the whole family. The Rough Collie has a rather shy temperament. He does not hesitate to withdraw if the situation suggests. However, his shepherd dog instinct leads him to watch over and protect his adoptive family.


The Rough Collie needs early education and socialization. An education combining firmness, gentleness and play is required: his intelligence and his desire to please his master come to facilitate this work. This remains an adaptable dog and  easy to educate . It is necessary to socialize from an early age to avoid a mistrust vis-à-vis foreigners

Living conditions

The Rough Collie can adapt to any lifestyle and family situation if it is well maintained and has enough opportunity to work. If he prefers to move freely in a large fenced garden, he can live in an apartment enjoying his regular activities. A garden with a house is ideal. It is also essential to take this dog regularly. This dog needs spaces and air to flourish.


The Rough Collie is a sturdy dog ​​that withstands the cold and bad weather with its double coat. However, like all dogs of his size, he is subject to  hip dysplasia . There is also a pathology for which the Collie is predisposed:  the collie eye abnormality  (AYC). In addition, it can also catch the following diseases: persistence of the ductus arteriosus, epilepsy, lupus erythematosus, skin disease, coloboma, entropion, retinal atrophy.

Maintenance and hygiene

The Rough Collie is subject to 2 moults a year, with loss of undercoat and a small portion of the coat hair. The female moults 4 months after her heat and makes a "dilapidated moult" after a litter, involving significant hair loss. Outside moulting periods, the maintenance of this dog remains simple if it is done regularly.
It is recommended to brush the dog once or twice a week to maintain the beauty of her dress. Brushing becomes daily during moulting. Moreover, it is necessary to clean the eyes of this dog to avoid any infection.


The Colley has a fierce appetite. However be careful, because  overeating would  promote its stoutness that could hide under its thick fur. It is essential to  ration  this canid with a balanced diet based on high quality croquettes , which will cover all its needs.

Physical activity

The Rough Collie requires lots of exercise to get busy . It was developed, basically, as a working dog . He is naturally active and calls for long daily walks, with games or agility type activities. It is imperative to put the same pace in his life, because it will be beneficial for his health and longevity.

Price and budget

The purchase price of a Rough Collie is between 900 € and 1400 €.
The annual maintenance cost of a Rough Collie is between 1300 € and 1400 €.

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