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Basics of Dog Breed: Swedish Lapphund

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Posted on December 02 2018

The Swedish Lapphund, is a dog with Spitz type physical characteristics, but slightly smaller than average. With a strong frame, resistant and enduring, it displays a certain elegance thanks to its haughty head and its light and ample paces.

Race history

The origins of the Swedish Lapphund can not now be established with precision, but it seems to be one of the oldest Spitz breeds in Europe . In the past, he accompanied nomadic reindeer herders (or Samis) who appreciated them as much for their versatility (driving and keeping flocks, hunting) as for their resistance to the harsh climatic conditions that characterize Lapland (region today straddling Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia). The breed was definitively recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale on January 19th, 1955. Its official FCI standard in force was published in November 2011.

Physical characteristics

Its hair: abundant, upright, with a dense and slightly curly undercoat. Shorter at the head and anterior parts of the legs. More provided at the neck (forming a collar), the sternum, the front of the legs and on the tail. The set gives the dog a very good protection against bad weather and cold.
Its color: black unicolor, with ideally a bronze tone (shades of brown).
His head: slightly longer than wide, with rounded forehead and stop very well marked.
Its ears: small, triangular in shape, erect and slightly rounded at their ends. Strong and well apart at their attachment, very mobile.
Its eyes :very expressive, practically horizontal, well spaced, round in shape, rather large without being prominent and brown to dark brown in color.
Its body: in a rectangle (length slightly greater than the height at the withers), robust, with the kidney short and wide, the rump well muscled and slightly inclined, the chest quite high and well developed, the belly slightly raised .
Its tail:  rather high attachment, of sufficient length to reach the tip of the hock, worn rolled on the back when the dog is active.

Behavior with others

The Swedish dog of Lapland is a dog animated by a great liveliness and an almost permanent desire to work . Responsive, attentive and versatile, he is an excellent herding dog (reindeer in particular), tracking and many other areas of work that require intelligence, endurance and endurance . Always inclined to please his master, the Swedish Dog Lapland is more suspicious of strangers , but without being a defender of the first order.

Education

The Swedish Lapphund is  not a particularly difficult dog to educate . However, his education must be precocious, firm and coherent, while being associated with good socialization.

Living conditions

The Swedish Lapphund prefers open spaces and open air to urban life and apartment. In town, the ideal for him would be to have a large fenced garden where he can move freely. Resistant to outdoor weather conditions, he appreciates to accompany his family indoors when he has the opportunity.

Health

The  Swedish dog of Lapland is a dog overall robust and resistant . Its double and well-supplied hair protects it effectively against the rigors of winter (cold and bad weather). There are no known predispositions to diseases in this rustic and ancient race.

Maintenance and hygiene

The naturally beautiful and silky dress of the Swedish Lapphund is quite easy to maintain . It only loses a lot of hair and is almost never smelly.

It is recommended to  brush the dog every week  to preserve the beauty and cleanliness of his dress. In times of moulting, and even if hair loss is moderate, brushing is done 2-3 times a week to remove dead hair.

Physical activity

He  needs regular exercises to get active . He enjoys long walks, but also jogging, hiking and swimming with his master. He is also good enough for agility, obedience and flock trials.

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