Cancer and tumors in your cat: detect and treat them
Posted on December 17 2018
Like a human being, your cat can develop a tumor during his life. This can be benign and not have any impact on the vital health of your feline, but also be malignant. In this case, one speaks of a cancerous tumor which logically engages its prognosis vital. What are the most common tumors? How are they detected? What treatment to put in place? Our answers and advice.
Cancer, in your cat as in all mammals and humans, is explained by the sudden appearance of anarchic cells. These spread in the body sometimes without giving the slightest symptom, so it is difficult to detect certain cancers.
The main cancers of your cat
The blood cancer is most common in your cat. He knows many forms. Indeed, it can affect the spleen, the ganglia, the liver or the lungs and the nervous system. The cells extend in the organism, affecting one or more organs.
The mediastinal form of this cancer usually affects the relatively young subjects who present a weakening of their immune defenses generated by the FELV virus. The digestive form comes by surprise your old cat with masses at the abdominal level. The multicentric form can affect any cat at any age and on all possible organs. Finally, the extra-nodal shape affects the areas outside the ganglia but adjacent.
This cancer is very aggressive and surgery is often not enough to stop the progression of the disease. It affects cats from 6 to 10 years old in general. It is detectable by the presence of a non-painful subcutaneous form that grows rapidly. The faster the surgical management, the more your cat can get out of it.
- Squamous cell carcinoma
This cancer usually affects white-haired cats in the truffles and ears. This is often the result of overexposure to the sun's rays . So you have to protect your white cat in summer.
- Breast tumors
These are the most common tumors in your cat. Above all, their benignity is very rare since 9 tumors out of 10 at this level are cancerous. They detect on palpation breast chains.
The main symptoms
Winning your fight against cancer depends primarily on early care. Quickly detect symptoms (if any) and detect cancer as soon as possible offers a better chance of recovery.
When they are visible, the symptoms are various and varied. Your cat may experience a loss of appetite and therefore lose weight . It can also be amorphous . Of vomiting or diarrhea may occur if the tumor is in the abdominal or digestive system.
Your cat may also lose blood , have trouble moving or be dizzy . Some tumors are detectable by palpating your cat. Of nodules or lumps can you aback. Do not hesitate to consult your veterinarian if necessary.
Cancer treatmentThere is no quick fix to cure cancer . On the other hand, several treatments can be put in place. Depending on the nature of the tumor and its progression , they can be complementary. After a biopsy to validate the thesis of a malignant tumor , an extension assessment is performed.
- The surgery is almost always recommended. The tumor can be fully extracted if it has not spread to other areas of the body. It can also be removed partially to facilitate, subsequently, the reduction of cancer cells by means of radiotherapy and chemo. Finally, removing a tumor can make your daily life easier.
- The chemotherapy is often combined with surgery and radiotherapy . It is more easily bearable for animals and for your cat. The goal is to gain a few months to a few years of life. The treatment is therefore lighter and the adverse effects less pronounced.
- The radiation is then necessary if metastases were scattered in several areas of the body.
In any case, you must know that treating a cancer in your cat has a certain cost . If the insurances are most often in charge of this very long care path, care must be taken to ensure that all conditions are met.