Canine periodontal disease (dog gum disease)
Posted on May 27 2018
Dog gum disease is one of the most common diseases that affect canines. Since dogs do not like to have their teeth brushed, gum health is often neglected, but can cause serious damage over time.
The symptoms of gum disease
Canine gum disease is caused by a buildup of bacteria around the teeth that settles on the dog's gums. As the pockets of bacteria grow around the teeth, the gums are destroyed slowly while the tooth remains intact and without any damage.
Gum disease often has few recognizable symptoms because dogs are relatively unaffected until the final stages of the disease. Swollen gums may appear or may bleed while eating bones or other hard substances. Dogs may also have pain when eating, but this will not appear initially. Your dog may also have a strange smell to your breathing.
If left untreated, gum disease can lead to other diseases, such as the heart, liver or kidneys. This results from the buildup of bacteria that breaks off and travels to other organs when your dog eats or drinks. Therefore, proper dental care is important to avoid greater ills in the future.
The diagnosis of gum disease
The only way to diagnose gum disease is truly a complete dental examination, while your dog is under anesthesia. Although there are cleanings without anesthesia offer, a complete dental examination can not be done without it. It is often very painful for your dog, especially if gum disease is detected.
Gum disease of the dog is detected with a probe placed in the pockets around the teeth of your dog to measure the depth. If the pockets are too large, gum disease is diagnosed. Three levels of canine gum disease are mild gingivitis, periodontitis and terminally treatable periodontitis, which is basically irreversible.
The first two stages can be treated with dental scaling, which removes all pockets of bacteria from your dog's teeth and below the gums. End-stage periodontitis, however, can usually only be treated with tooth extraction. In severe cases, the tooth is released because the bacterial pockets have almost completely disconnected from the gums.
Prevention of gum disease
Gum disease can be prevented in dogs, just as it is in humans, with proper dental care. You should brush your dog's teeth on a regular basis, preferably every day. If your dog does not dare to allow this, increase the process little by little.
Lift your dog's gums and treat him as soon as he stops fighting. End the session and try later. Slowly build up to put the toothbrush in your mouth and brush your teeth only a few. Reward each session. Over time, your dog has been taught to sit still during a brushing. If you do not like to use a toothbrush, brushes and finger gloves are also available.
Allow your dog to taste toothpaste. There are many flavors available, such as chicken and peanut butter. Your dog may like the taste. However, do not use human toothpaste, which is designed to be spit on.
If you do not want to brush your dog's teeth, there are many other options available, such as food additives that reduce plaque, mouth rinses that can be added to water, and chew toys that remove plaque. No matter which method you choose, do not neglect your dog's dental health.
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