Common diseases in cats: symptoms and treatments

Posted on December 17 2018

Common diseases in cats: symptoms and treatments

During your life, your cat can develop a plethora of diseases or infections. It is important to know their characteristics to treat them, but also to prevent some, contagious to humans, are transmitted.

Facing a disease developed by your cat, go immediately to your veterinarian. He will diagnose it accurately and provide appropriate treatment. In some cases, it can even prevent you from getting infected.

In any case, you must vaccinate your cat against several diseases that could lead to death. Examples include calicivirosis (FCV), feline panleukopenia (FPV) and feline rhinotracheitis (FHV).

Calicivirosis

It comes from Calicivirus, a highly contagious virus. Your cat contracts this disease especially through direct contact. He can also develop it because of the environment. The onset of symptoms varies over time. Then, fever may appear, pneumonia also or gingivostomatitis , that is to say an inflammation of the oral cavity. Only a treatment to relieve your cat will be offered. No other can eradicate the virus.

The Coryza

This is the consequence of the contraction of 3 viruses: the first infects the respiratory tract and the nose, the second is the Reovirus and the third the ... Calicivirus (see above). This disease causes a fairly weak general condition of your cat that favors bacteria. This is a very contagious disease. Without treatment, your cat may well recover as he may die. The first treatment will be intended to fight any bacteria. Then antivirals will be administered. The vaccination against this disease is still the best solution.

The Typhus

It is also called feline panleucopenia. A deadly and highly contagious disease. The virus develops in your cat's bone marrow and digestive tract. The first symptoms are diarrhea or vomiting , a sign of the damage to your cat's digestive tract. Blood slipping into your cat's stool is a good indicator. An aggressive treatment is implemented. The cat is most often kept at the veterinary clinic.

Infectious rhinotracheitis

She is part of the herpes-virus family and participates in the development of Coryza. It is a common disease that is usually controlled by a vaccine. Once infected with the virus, your cat will be contaminated for life. He may or may not develop his viral symptoms. These can be triggered at any time. Like all viral diseases, it can not be cured with medication. Your veterinarian will prescribe a treatment to prevent any bacterial superinfection.

Rabies

It is rare in France but it is always scary. Rabies is transmitted following a bite. Your cat can then pass it on to the human. In any case, it is deadly for your pet. The first symptoms appear around 2 weeks. Whether it is furious or mute rage, it causes the death of your cat in just a few days. The only treatment is vaccination!

Infectious peritonitis

This is one of the leading causes of death in cats. Young cats are most commonly affected by this infectious peritonitis. The symptoms presented are varied. This can range from a respiratory discomfort caused by a fluid in your cat's chest to digestive problems if the fluid has moved into the abdomen. No vaccine exists. The treatment is based on corticosteroid, but can not do anything. Your cat is destined to die.

Feline leukemia

It is transmitted by saliva, by bites. Feline leukemia is a blood disease. The virus can be dormant in some cats. In others, on the other hand, anemia, tumors, digestive and neurological disorders develop. The ELISA test makes it possible to quickly detect the disease. The vaccine remains the best weapon.

Toxoplasmosis

It is one of the best known diseases because it is transmissible between your cat and the human. Pregnant women must also monitor their diet in order not to contract Toxoplasma.

In cats, it is estimated that more than one in two cats are seropositive because they have come into contact with the parasite and antibodies have been developed. Like humans, infection comes from ingesting raw products such as eggs and red meat. The disease causes some derisory symptoms and heals in a few weeks. Then your cat will be immune for life.

In summary

Your cat may come into contact with a number of viruses during his lifetime. The best way to prevent certain diseases from developing is vaccination.

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