Dog bite wound infection symptoms
Posted on May 30 2018
- The size of the dogs involved in the injury
- The intensity bite
- The place of the sting.
Dog bites are typically trimming injuries that damage the tissues under the skin so, while the wound may look like a minor injury, there can be extensive damage well below the surface.
Bite wounds can cause infection
A dog bite will send bacteria from the mouth deep into the layers of tissue that underlie the skin. The wound should be examined properly and thoroughly cleaned before the bacteria are able to multiply and cause infection. This can happen as soon as a couple of hours after the injury, or even up to a week later depending on the nature of the wound. If a dog bite wound becomes infected there are a number of symptoms that indicate the presence of an infection.
The symptoms of a wound dog bite infection include:
- Swelling around the wound
- Redness or discoloration of the skin on and around the wound
- The skin around the wound may be hot to the touch
- Pain with the movement of the affected area
- The drainage of fluid or pus
- Bad smell
- Increased body temperature
- Lack of appetite
- The lethargy or depression
- Decreased activity
Some dogs have swelling in an area away from the bite wound. Usually, this inflammation occurs in an area of the lower part of the body of the wound. Liquids can travel along the layers of tissue and pool along the lower wall of the body. The swelling can feel either hard or it can feel like a sac of soft fluid.
Diagnosis and treatment
A blood test may be necessary to diagnose the severity of an infection. This test, called a complete blood count (CBC), reveals certain types of cells that indicate infection, anemia, the dog's ability to coagulate blood and if it is dehydrated or has a discharge. During an infection amount of the body's defense system of white blood cells, the body against infection is elevated.
The bacteria in the wound can also spread to the bloodstream causing an infection throughout the system called septicemia. In addition to the signs of a wound infection, the dog can begin to breathe quickly and have a rapid heartbeat. This serious medical condition can become life threatening leading very quickly to the bumps and problems of blood clotting.
Dogs that have a bite wound should be examined for the symptoms of the infection on a daily basis until the wound begins to heal. A bitten dog should be seen by a veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment as soon as any signs of infection are present.
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