Emergency first aid in case of accident of a cat
Posted on December 16 2018
Domestic accident, food poisoning, cardiac arrest ... What if it happened to your cat? It is a vital emergency that needs to be addressed as quickly as possible to maximize its chances of survival. How to proceed ? With what means? Should you have to resort to your veterinarian?
First aid can, like in humans, save your cat's life. In some cases, the distress of your feline is obvious. In others, simple symptoms suggest an underlying disease . In any case, a quick reaction is necessary. Your cat may be in danger of death. Of course, not all emergencies are equal. But all must end at your vet.
The veterinarian is essential
All emergencies, vital or not , must end with a visit to your veterinarian . Before transporting it, first aid should be provided . These are related to the emergency presented by your cat: fall, electrocution, allergy, malaise, bleeding ... Call your veterinarian immediately. It will help you remotely at first. Once your animal is stabilized , you can take it with you. Unless your health professional can visit you. It is always best to move your cat as little as possible .
A first aid kit available
To mitigate any eventuality, we advise you to have a first aid kit available . This must include several elements :
- Sterile compresses and cotton, as well as a plaster.
- Disinfectant, useful for wounds .
- A pair of scissors, pliers and disposable gloves.
- An analgesic.
- A healing ointment.
- A tick-tick hook.
It is important to store this kit in a safe and accessible place. Do not confuse it with a human first aid kit . Indeed, some products are not made for felines.
The various emergencies
All emergencies are not necessarily vital. For each of them, an appropriate reaction is required.
Your cat gets hurt and bleeds
If you notice bleeding on your cat's fur, you must first cut the hair around the wound. This helps prevent an infection . Then, start by cleaning the wound with a saline solution and then with a disinfectant .
Put an antiseptic , which will prevent the proliferation of bacteria . You can use an iodine solution , often effective. To benefit from an effective antiseptic , we advise you to get closer to your vet . He will be best able to guide you.
Thereafter, the wound will heal on its own. There is no need to disinfect further. Of course, if you feel the wound too deep , do not hesitate to consult.
Your cat falls victim
Your cat is lounging on the railing of your balcony and, suddenly, falls heavily. You must gently handle your cat . It should be moved as little as possible to avoid any worsening of his situation. Ask your veterinarian to intervene on site if possible. If it can not, carry it gently inside your vehicle and drive it to veterinary emergencies. It will be supported once there.
Your cat begins to vomit
A single vomiting is not alarming in itself. Your cat's meal may have gone bad. You have to worry from the moment that vomiting is regular , frequent . In this case, you must go to your vet who will determine the causes of these repeated vomiting.
Be careful to write down everything you have fed your cat. This could be crucial in the diagnosis . Vomiting causes severe dehydration, sometimes fatal to your pet. So do not delay.
Your cat is a victim of a heat stroke
It's unfortunate, but you left your cat inside your car, in full sun. Another cause, a heat wave that never ends and your cat has spent too much time in the sun. Your feline will see his breathing increase in frequency. Nervous disorders may appear and he will be sick with diarrhea .
You must find a way to cool your cat as quickly as possible . This can be thanks to a cloth dipped in fresh water . You can also have a cold bath for your cat , without the water being icy . Then, once the temperature has been regulated, take your cat to the nearest veterinarian for a closer look. Please note that body temperature above 40.5 ° C is a life-threatening condition.
Remember that in summer, in case of hot weather, you must place a bowl of water permanently available to your cat. Encourage him to drink as often as possible to reduce his body temperature . It will support better this period.
Your cat is suffering from discomfort
All discomforts can not be detected upstream . Symptoms such as increased fatigue , lethargy, or abnormal breathing may be early warning signs. But this applies to other pathologies . Nevertheless, in front of these signs, do not hesitate to consult your vet.
In the event that a malaise arises before your eyes, you must react as quickly as possible. More and more centers provide courses in first aid to learn CPR for your cat. If you know how to lavish it and if you have a heart attack , do not wait. If not, drive your cat to the nearest emergency room.
Every discomfort is not necessarily related to the heart. So, do not panic before the definitive diagnosis made by your veterinarian.
Your cat has an epileptic seizure
An epileptic seizure , like a malaise , does not necessarily give precursory signs . Nevertheless, your cat might be more anxious upstream. It can also shake or salivate . You will probably not always see his seizures, since some only arrive during his sleep. Others only last a few seconds .
Faced with a crisis , it is best to inform your veterinarian , then note the recurrence of these crises, their duration. You can not necessarily act on the moment. Often, the diagnosis of the health professional will report an epileptic seizure in response to food poisoning . In other cases, a treatment will be put in place and you must respect it to the letter.
Your cat is a victim of food poisoning
An intoxication, food or not , can sometimes be fatal to your cat. In front of worrying signs, do not wait and go to your vet. It is possible that the toxic product is of food origin (chocolate, tobacco, onion, alcohol, chestnuts, tea, coffee, dairy products, salt, canned tuna ...). It can also come from a dangerous plant .
Your cat will then have diarrhea , may suffocate , will suffer an epileptic seizure (see above). In any case, do not give any more food to your cat before taking care of it. The latter will probably give a vomit after a definitive diagnosis.
Your cat was bitten by an animal, like a viper
Viper bites can be fatal without an immediate reaction . You must first disinfect the wound and place a cold compress on it . You must wear your cat and not let it walk because the venom will spread faster .
The symptoms of such a sting are sometimes not detectable for several minutes or even an hour. A respiratory distress may arise and your cat can go into a coma . Other organs may be affected. Sequelae can be irreversible .
Your cat is a victim of a burn
As in humans, you must cool the burn with cold water. Never apply ice or fat . Depending on the severity of the burn , a visit to your veterinarian is required. In any case, pay attention to your feline's reaction.
Each emergency must be treated according to its severity. In most cases, you must contact your veterinarian or at least finish at home. He will inspect your cat completely. You must always think of having a first aid kit nearby . This will be helpful for treating wounds or burns . Do not hesitate, also, to train you to the saving gestures like the cardiac massages . Your cat could suffer one.