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Emergency first aid in the event of a dog's accident

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Posted on October 10 2018

In the event of an accident, take your dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible , even if it looks good. However, you may be required to practice emergency procedures on your dog.


As a dog owner, you need to know these first aid actions that can save your companion's life. In the face of urgency, your actions must be precise and automatic. In order not to panic the day when such a situation arises, train yourself !

Training in first aid gestures

In order to train or improve you, specialized trainings exist in this field. In recent years in France, training sessions on first aid procedures are available. You will learn the theoretical basics, but especially to put into practice what you will have learned through practical case simulations on very realistic mannequins.

Cardiovascular resuscitation

If your dog does not move or answer your calls, place it on the right side . Call your veterinarian or someone who can drive you to the vet urgently. Never take the car alone with your sick dog. Indeed, on the road to rescue, you will be called to use cardio-vascular resuscitation . This, so that the blood does not stop irrigating the brain and the vital organs of your animal.

The steps to follow to revive your dog:

Clear the airway of your pet  : open his mouth, pull his tongue and remove anything that can obstruct his breathing (mucus, object). Then make sure his neck and head are straight and form an open air column.
 
Before starting any artificial respiration , make sure your pet is not breathing anymore. To do this, close his mouth by positioning your hands around, then place your cheek near his snout. If you do not feel any breath, you can proceed with word-of-mouth . Always keep your hands around his closed muzzle and blow 5 times into his nostrils . Normally, your abdomen swells when you blow. Wait for it to disengage to renew the operation. For small dogs , artificial respiration is done by mouth and truffle at the same time.
 
Check the beats of his heart . Take the pulse of your dog inside his thigh . If you are sure that your dog's heart is not beating anymore, you can start heart massage. To do this, locate where your dog's elbow (front leg joint) touches his chest and use this location as a marker to perform the massage. For a large dog , place both hands on top of each other. For medium dogs , use only the bottom of the palm of your hand. For puppies or small dogs, use only your thumb. After thirty quick and regular compressions, blow twice in your dog's nostrils. Check your pet's breathing every two minutes. Combine the massage and breathing for 20 minutes.

How to find the pulse of his dog?

To find the pulse of your dog, order him to lie on his side and look for the pulse of the femoral artery inside the leg .

Road accident
If after an accident your dog is unconscious, place it gently on the right side . Keep your spine straight to avoid aggravating a possible fracture. If you notice an open wound , wrap it in a clean cloth. Call the vet as soon as possible. Check that your dog's airways are not clogged. Otherwise, gently pull on his tongue. While waiting for the arrival of your vet, keep your pet calm and limit his movements as much as possible .

Poisoning
In case of intoxication, the first thing to do is call a veterinarian or a poison control center . You must not induce vomiting of your dog yourself. In fact, if the ingested product is irritating, it will burn the digestive tract during absorption and regurgitation. If you know the source of poisoning, take a sample of the poison or its packaging and take it to the veterinarian.

Breathing
In the event of an accident, the breathing of your pet may be altered, that is to say more than 40 breaths per minute . Reassure your dog that you are serene, because your pet needs you to understand the situation. On the other hand, if you count less than 15 breaths per minute , it means that your dog has serious difficulties to breathe . In this case, your pet must be taken care of immediately by a professional.

Suffocation
Your dog may choke on any swallowed item, such as a toy , food , cloth or other. In this case, insert your finger into the mouth of the animal and sweep the bottom of his throat to find the object blocking the airways. On the other hand, if the dog coughs, let him do it and do not intervene right away. Coughing is the best way to expel the foreign body from the airways. However, if the animal has stopped coughing without spitting the swallowed object and you can not reach it with your fingers, you will need to apply first aid.

Diarrhea
If your dog has diarrhea, call your veterinarian for an appointment during the day. In the meantime, keep it warm , do not feed it, but give it a little water mixed with glucose, or a vegetable broth. However, if your dog's feces contain blood, take it directly to the veterinarian.

Eye injury
If your dog gets hurt, try rinsing it with clean , lukewarm water to remove the foreign body. Above all, prevent him from scratching his affected eye. On the other hand, if the injury is larger, cover it with a gauze pad or a damp cloth, then call your veterinarian.

Insect sting or snake bite
If your dog is stung by a wasp , keep it cool and do not exercise . However, if after one hour the sting remains swollen and impairs your pet's breathing, take him promptly to the vet. If attacked by a bee , remove the sting without pinching it. If bitten by a snake , keep it as still as possible and take it to your veterinarian.

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