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Feeding a bitch during her gestation period

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Posted on October 07 2018

The pregnant bitch does not eat anymore just for herself. She also feeds on puppies she wears, which obviously affects her dietary needs. How do they evolve and how to satisfy them? Here are some tips to help you.

During gestation ,the bitch sees her nutritional needs evolve dramatically. If his diet does not change significantly during the first weeks, it becomes quite different as the birth approaches.

The needs of the future mother become much more important in terms of quantity , but also, and above all, quality . His teacher must give him meals adapted to his needs by providing him with the adequate doses and nutrients that his body and fetuses demand.

Needs that are evolving rapidly

In the pregnant bitch, there are no noticeable changes in feeding behavior during the first phase of gestation. The first few weeks, she eats the same amount of food as usual. In the initial month, it is estimated that the needs increase only 1.2 times on average, which does not constitute a great upheaval.

After this point, things evolve much more quickly . As the end of pregnancy approaches, the amount of food needed increases . In the last two weeks, the dog's weight has increased by 15 to 25% as a result of fetal growth and increased consumption.

Quantity AND quality

Care must be taken not to upset the brat's eating habits during the first 5 weeks of gestation. If excessive amounts of food are given, the expectant mother is likely to be overweight and have difficulty in giving birth.

After the 6th week , the needs are rising sharply. The pregnant bitch 's body claims more protein , energy and minerals to properly meet her own needs and support fetal development.

But, at the same time, the stomach has less and less space, because the uterus gains in volume at its expense, as the puppies grow.

It is therefore best to give him a dry diet, concentrated and easier to digest , divided into several small meals . Most known brands of croquettes offer specially designed products for the gestation period, with appropriate intakes.

Manage the food transition

If the dog is not accustomed to dry food before, it would be better to make a dietary transition to the 10 th  week in order not to upset his digestive system and prevent him associated discomforts (diarrhea, for example). It must also be ensured that she can drink enough, leaving her bowl of water available at all times and changing the contents regularly.

If the dog continues to receive home-made food , rations must be at least 30% dry matter. Eggs, meat, offal and dairy products such as goat cheese are well stocked. It is also necessary to ensure good intake of calories and minerals, found in fats and vegetables respectively.

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