Feeding a puppy: the rules to follow to feed him well
Posted on October 17 2018
To maintain the good health of your dog, food is the essential ingredient. Like all human beings, a dog should not be fed anyhow. You will have to follow some rules and monitor your diet so that its growth happens in the best conditions and avoid some inconvenience ... It is not immune to malnutrition or obesity problems.
Your puppy needs a balanced diet based on age, breed, weight and physical activity. Balanced says a good mix of proteins of all kinds. Be careful not to vary the diet of your puppy too much. His digestive tract is not the same as yours and he can not stand abrupt changes.
Puppy's dietary needs
Before being transformed into an adult, your puppy will need a diet that takes into consideration his nutritional needs.
- The need for calcium and phosphorus must counterbalance the loss of immunity transmitted by his mother. Its natural defenses must not be weakened. His energy needs are twice as high as an adult dog. Thus, he will have to ingest a certain level of high quality proteins, as well as high levels of essential minerals.
- It is up to you to promote his food transition between the moment the puppy leaves his mother to join you. A smooth transition to avoid digestive disorders and adapt its intestinal flora to its new environment. If you want him to change food, mix the old and the new for ten days.
- You must control his rations . For up to 6 months, it is recommended to divide his daily ration into 3 meals. Do not change his habits . Try to feed him at regular times, in the same bowl placed in the same place. If after about 20 minutes your puppy has not finished his ration, do not force him to finish and add the rest to the next ration.
- Avoid carbohydrates that the dog does not digest (potatoes, legumes, cereals, sugars, etc.). Carbohydrates are also responsible for overweight and many health problems such as cardiovascular disease, kidney failure and diabetes among other things in dogs. Carbohydrates act excessively on the dog's blood sugar and it therefore produces too much insulin. Their composition in packets of croquettes must not exceed 25 or 30%. The ideal is to have less than 20 or 15% for food of the first choice.
Food preparation by age and race
It should be known that the dog is ready for weaning at the age of 6 or 8 weeks. Solid foods will come to him out of curiosity from 3 or 4 weeks where he will eat either croquettes that hang out or those of another dog. When it comes to dry foods , it is best that you wet them a bit before crushing them. You can gradually reduce the amount of water until the age of 8 to 10 weeks.
The growth of a puppy is totally different from one breed to another. The length of time a puppy grows up to its adult size can range from 8-10 months for a small dog , 12 months for a medium-sized dog, or 18 to 24 months for large dogs . The evolution of your puppy can be lightning and you have no right to the error to offer him all the elements necessary for its good growth.
How much food to give your puppy?
For small stomachs of puppies, feeding is dangerous. Even if they have a big appetite, take care to give your puppy small amounts regular according to his age . The frequency will decrease as it ages. For example, up to 4 meals a day for puppies aged 2 to 3 months , 2 to 3 meals for 4-6 months and 2 meals for more than 6 months.
Make it a habit to follow the advice on the food package in terms of quantity. You will avoid problems of obesity and health for your dog, but also of waste.
Moreover, for its well-being take care to take the following precautions:
- Never feed it at the table or while you are eating.
- Avoid feeding before or after exercise with a one-hour beat.
- Firm and crisp foods are preferable because they strengthen your dog's teeth and keep them healthy.
- Avoid changing your food brand just by wanting it. Modify food only if your dog has digestive problems or is no longer eating. Always go for a premium diet .
- Control the weight of your puppy
- By respecting the quantities prescribed on the packaging, you will allow your dog to evolve at a normal pace . With the help of your veterinarian, you will control the weight of your puppy throughout his young life. You will plot its growth curve to ensure that it does not grow too quickly, otherwise you will be a little overweight.
To put it simply, the weight of your puppy must not reach more than 50% of that estimated at adulthood. Too much weight could have a negative impact on the future health of your puppy and thus on its development.
In what conditions feed your puppy?
So that your little ball of hair takes its meal with serenity, it is advisable to feed it in a calm place and at a distance from your dining room. Even if your dog is well educated, be careful that children do not disturb them during their meal. When eating, dogs can be aggressive towards the outside elements. Indeed, children could be seen as predators just like the presence of other dogs.
For the meal itself, food should be served at room temperature to preserve all flavors and smells. Finally, always put fresh water at your disposal.
Adapt the diet to the growth of your puppy
As the months go by, your puppy will need more energy to respond to the rapid growth spurts and muscle gain that he will experience. The calorie requirements increase continuously and significantly between 2 and 6 months. At the age of 6 or 8 months , small dogs have generally finished growing. However, their digestive system remains that of a puppy. It will therefore still be necessary to wait before switching to the diet for "adult" dogs.
Always water for your puppy
Try to leave always a bowl of water to your puppy. Clean water and preferably cool enough. Your puppy, like children, should not skimp on his hydration. What's more, his kidneys are not as effective as the man .
The mistake not to commit
The temptation to "please" your puppy is great. Would some treats hurt your puppy? Yes. This does not promote a balanced diet and may affect the digestive system. In addition, its weight may vary significantly and its development does not happen as expected. The treats are designed for dogs to be reserved for the reward for his education.
In addition, avoid raw meat , full of bacteria, and forget foods such as chocolate, salt, milk or avocado, toxic for him.