How to detect and treat kidney failure in your cat?
Posted on December 14 2018
The older your cat gets, the more he is prone to kidney disease. Infections that can be fatal, especially as the immune defenses of your feline decrease. Almost half of cats over the age of 15 have kidney problems. This deficiency is one of the leading causes of death in this animal. Let's take a closer look at this pathology.
The function of the kidneys
The kidneys, in humans as in cats, help to keep the body healthy . They have a function of water regulator in the body, so that it can function. They remove the toxic waste from our body, we eat most of the time. Finally, they produce hormones to regulate our blood pressure , in order to produce enough red blood cells and provide the necessary calcium . Insufficiency leads to dysregulation of the kidneys and causes many problems, both the kidneys are vital organs.
It comes in two ways. Acute renal failure and chronic renal failure . Each time, the symptoms are different . They arrive brutally at first, while gently in a second. This is why it is particularly difficult to detect the chronicity of the disease.
Acute renal failure
This deficiency can occur anytime. Your cat, at any age, can develop acute kidney failure. In this case, the symptoms are not quite suitable to define at a glance this disease. Your cat will eat less will seem more dejected . Sometimes he may have bad breath , just as he will vomit or may have diarrhea . You must react, as at each appearance of symptoms revealing a pathology.
The causes are multiple. They come mainly from poor blood supply following severe dehydration . In some cases, heart failure may be the cause. More toxic drugs may not be supported by your feline and the kidneys may not respond well. Finally, we can also mention a urinary dysfunction caused by stones in the bladder .
Your veterinarian will make the diagnosis and put in place an appropriate treatment . The diagnosis is mainly based on a blood test . The latter will show the doses of creatinine and urea , which are markers related to the functioning of the kidneys. Additional X - rays may be performed if the health professional deems it useful.
In treatment, your veterinarian will normally infuse your cat so that the body has a great help in eliminating waste and toxins . Everything will depend on the causes of the appearance of this sudden infection. A younger cat is more likely to survive. Still, his kidneys will be weakened . Your cat will not come out unscathed from this episode.
Chronic renal failure
According to the International Society of Feline Medicine, 4% of cats are affected by chronic renal failure . This rate jumps when your cat is over 10 years old. Indeed, more than a third of these cats are affected by this disease. In contrast to acute renal failure, the onset of symptoms is gradual . So much so that it is a long time difficult to diagnose this pathology.
The term chronicity occurs as the disease evolves slyly, without a distinct sign, for several years, before the symptoms leave no room for doubt. Like acute kidney failure, your cat will have hypertension , progressive weight loss and severe dehydration . The amount of urea accumulates in the blood and is no longer eliminated by the kidneys, which are less effective. The vomiting and diarrhea are more common.
The disease can be detected relatively early if you respect annual visits to your veterinarian. During these, he could conduct a blood test highlighting markers related to the kidneys.
As with many diseases, the earlier it is taken, the better the chances of survival in the medium and long term. A chronic kidney disease detected early enough allows your cat to live several years. Conversely, in the most advanced stages, your cat has only a few months left in front of him .
The treatment differs slightly from acute renal failure since it is necessary to treat your cat lengthwise. Thus, your veterinarian will prescribe a suitable and specific diet . The diet will be low in protein. But, as with each change of diet, it must be done gently to preserve the intestinal flora of your cat, and avoid diarrhea.
On your side, you will have as main mission to ensure the good hydration of your feline . The latter will have to drink more in order to make the kidneys work as well as possible.