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Intestinal parasites in dogs

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Posted on May 22 2018

The four common types of intestinal worms in dogs, they are round worms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. These are parasites that are found in the pet's digestive system. The dog is robbed of nutrients, which causes damage. Dogs are infested with parasitic infections by ingesting contaminated meat, feces, infected rodents and grass. The worms are also transmitted in the mother's uterus, through breast milk and through flea bites.



The nematodes

Theseare long, white, and spaghetti fit. They are found mostly in puppies, adult dogs, although they can also get intestinal worms. They grow in essential nutrients present in the body, irritate the digestive tract and even block the intestinal tract if they are present in many numbers.

Hookworms

These parasites are very small and adhere to the wall of the intestine. They feed on the blood after they chew their way into the intestine. Often, dogs suffering from diarrhea associated with symptoms of hookworm infection exhibit tarry black stools and due to the presence of digested blood.

Whipworms

These intestinal worms are long and thin and have a small club as the end, hence the name. They are found spiraling in the lining and walls of the large intestine. Domestic animals that suffer from whipworms may have symptoms of bloody diarrhea.

The tapeworms

These are very long and segmented in appearance. There are two types of tapeworms. One of them is the Diplidium species that is transmitted when a dog eats infected fleas. The other is the Taenia species that is transmitted when a dog eats an infected mammal such as a rabbit. Antiparasitic drugs orally or by injection is administered as treatment.

Symptoms of worm infestation:

Anemia
vomiting
Diarrhea
stomach swelling
Blood or mucus in the stool
pale gums
Weightloss
Lethargy
dull hair

Products that treat canine infestation by intestinal parasites:

Pyrantel pamoate prevents and treats roundworms and hookworms. This medicine is found in products such as Heartgard Plus, Iverhart Plus, Drontal, Strongid, and Vibrantel among others.

Milbemycin oxime prevents and treats roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and and is commercially available in drugs such as the Interceptor and Sentinel.

Febendazol prevents and treats earthworms, hookworms, whipworms, and certain cestode infections. Safeguard and panacur-C contains the active ingredient Febendazol.

Praziquantel treats 3 types of tapeworms and is found in Droncit, Drontal Plus, Iverhart Max and D-Worm.

Espirantel deals with 2 types of ténias and is present in Cestex.

Dosage and administration

Pet owners should follow the veterinarian's instructions for individual cases of worm infections. Oral deworming medication is usually repeated after 3 weeks and if necessary, it is used as a long-term preventive solution. Since intestinal worms are excreted in the faeces of domestic animals, feces containing eggs should be eliminated every day.

Prevention of Worms

Some dogs do not show clinical signs of intestinal parasite infection. Therefore, it is essential to have an examination of the stool sample every 6 to 12 months. Infections by active worms should be treated according to the instructions of the veterinarian to avoid complications. Since more than the free sale of anti-parasite drugs are not equally effective, the veterinarian will prescribe a specific-insecticide for the type of parasite detected in the microscopic analysis of the stool sample. It is also better to de-worm female pets before breeding. In addition, pet owners should prevent dogs from eating rodents, such as rats and rabbits and control flea infections at home.

Intestinal parasites can cause a lot of damage and even death in extreme cases. Prevention, early detection and proper treatment are essential to protect your pet from these parasites.

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