Large variety of canine dehydration symptoms
Posted on May 30 2018
It results from an excessive loss of body fluids due to exposure to extreme heat, illness or not drinking enough water. Dog dehydration involves not only the loss of water, but minerals or electrolytes (chloride, sodium and potassium). A dog naturally loses fluids by panting, breathing and evaporating and will experience dehydration if these fluids are not replaced. In order to stay calm, dogs pant to regulate their body temperature because they lack sweat glands. Being overweight, old dogs and puppies are susceptible to dehydration. Chronic dehydration is a sign of a more serious illness and requires immediate attention by a veterinarian.
The symptoms of dehydration
In most cases, testing the elasticity of the skin by pulling it out of the body, releasing it and observing the time it takes to return (turgor test), can indicate the degree of dehydration. However, overweight and older dogs have a different elasticity rate than younger ones and so this is not an ideal method. Exerting a gentle pressure on the gums and see them go from white and return to pink is a better indicator of proper hydration.
Other symptoms include:
- Sunken and dry eyes
- strong gasps
- the lethargic behavior
- ncreased heart rate
- dry gums, mouth and nose
- Loss of appetite
- excessive drooling
On canine diet
A dog receives moisture from drinking water and feeding. It is important to make sure you have enough fresh water and a balanced diet in order to avoid health problems and dehydration, which can lead to death. Excess water should be available during exercise and in extreme heat. Shade must also be provided to reduce the amount of fluid loss.
In the event that a dog becomes dehydrated, small amounts of water should be given to avoid vomiting and additional fluid loss. No dry dog food should be given at this time. Electrolytes and perhaps to encourage drinking broth should be added to your water. Checking for any blockage of the throat is also important. If the dog does not drink or continues to have symptoms of dehydration, a visit to the veterinarian will be necessary to determine if there is an underlying health problem or to administer intravenous fluids.
Maintain an adequate environment
Prevention of dehydration is the best. Dogs should have plenty of fresh water at their disposal at all times. Outdoor dogs should also have easily available shade to avoid overheating and dehydration. Do not run out of dogs while exercising them and make the water available to them. Overweight and older dogs should not be overloaded like this. Exercise your dog during the coolest hours of the day and choose a path that has at least some shade. Remember that a dog does not have sweat glands and can only maintain adequate body temperature through panting. They also have a layer of skin, which increases the temperature of the body. Never leave a dog in a car! Even with an open window
Since a dog usually needs at least an ounce of water per pound per day, it is important to increase this amount when the environment changes, activity increases or when the disease occurs. Almost three quarters of a dog's weight is from water, so as little as 15% loss can cause death.
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