Territorial marking in the cat: why and how?
Posted on January 01 2019
Territorial animal par excellence, your cat will mark his territory throughout his life. A marking made by the deposit of pheromones. His head, his claws and his urine serve him. We explain to you how and the meaning of not all similar markings.
Unlike the domestic dog, your cat is a territorial animal. In general and outside, cats like to live alone, rarely in groups (except females). Each cat has a territory, more or less extended. Each cat wants to extend it, or not, according to its physiology, its sterilization or not.
Marking with pheromones
To mark its territory, your cat will deposit pheromones , regardless of the means of transmission. Pheromones are odorant chemicals produced by your cat. They act on the environment. It's also a way to communicate with other people, including Jacobson's organ , located at your cat's palate, to swallow odors .
Pheromones come from the sweat and sebaceous glands . These pheromones can soothe your cat when he feels his. He is thus inside his territory. They can also encourage him to join a female in heat when he feels other pheromones, or any intrusion on its territory.
The different types of marking
- Urine marking
When your cat marks his territory by his urine, his posture is unequivocal : standing, his back slightly bulging, the tail raised, the support on which he urinates is often vertical (a wall), he urinates weakly and does not cover it not.
Often, the branding is caused by stress or an upheaval in one's lifestyle. Sometimes, especially if your cat is not castrated , it is a sexual marking .
- Facial marking
It is considered a soothing mark . Your cat is rubbing his head against a place, a piece of furniture, an object, a corner of a wall. He deposits soothing pheromones. This helps to mark his territory and to feel, as the name indicates, appeased.
You must at least move these pieces of furniture, remove them. Your cat will no longer find its smell and feel lost. This could cause stress and anxiety.
- The allomarquage
Your cat is rubbing against your legs, your body. Thus, he shows you his affection his socialization. He accepted you in his territory.
- Scratch marking
Your cat marks his territory with his claws . It can tackle your tapestry, your furniture, your curtains, your sofa. He deposits pheromones thanks to his pads located under his paws. If your cat is anxious or stressed , he will tend to use this mode of marking rather than another. Like urine marking, this is an alarm mark. Your cat is anything but peaceful .
- Sexual marking
This is a trend that does not exist in sterilized cats . If your cat is not, he will sometimes want to mark his territory sexually through his urine. In case of heat of a female, your male cat could associate facial marking and urine stream on it right after.
Synthetic pheromones in spray
The sprays were created to meet the well-being of your cat. In case your cat might get lost, or during a move, work in your home, you can use these soothing spray pheromones to calm and de-stress your pet.
What to do to combat tagging?
Some markings are not problematic, such as facial marking or self-marking, considered as soothing. Others, on the other hand, may be associated with uncleanliness. The best solution is the castration of your cat. This should seriously reduce his desire to mark his territory. If, despite this, your cat continues, you can use synthetic pheromones.