The different allergies in cats: identify and treat them
Posted on December 14 2018
The cat, like the dog, like humans, can be subject to various and varied allergies. Many causes may be possible. Before treating their consequences on the health of your feline, it is a question of identifying them to fight them, to prevent them and to heal them as well as possible. We help you understand the allergies that can affect your cat throughout his life.
Allergy can occur at any time. It can be the consequence of several causes , such as food, chips, environment , simple contact . The allergy should be diagnosed as soon as possible to avoid any complication in your feline. A cat who sneezes more than reason, who scratches excessively to be bleeding, is not trivial. This necessarily hides a pathology to discover urgently to limit its spread.
What is an allergy?
According to Larousse, an allergy is an " abnormal reaction and specific to the body in contact with a foreign substance (allergen) that does not cause trouble in most subjects." In other words, it is a hypersensitivity of the body to often harmless substances in the environment. It is a disruption of the immune system . The latter is left without some allergens .
In humans, as in cats, the subject will be sensitized to the allergen in question. Then, in the second time, symptoms will appear.
What are the symptoms ?
They are classic , but almost certainly reveal the presence of an allergy in your feline. The latter will be itchy . Symptom that can easily be confused with the presence of fleas or scabies . Your cat is always scratching or licking . You will notice skin lesions resulting from this unwanted scratching. Your cat may also have an allergic reaction with diarrhea or vomiting , especially if the cause is food. In any case, you should bring your pet to the veterinarian , who will determine the causes of these symptoms.
What types of allergy affect the cat?There are several causes that can cause an allergic reaction in your cat.
- Food allergy
To eradicate this allergy , you should, using your veterinarian, identify the responsible constituent . In this case, you will set up a predatory diet where you feed, at first, your cat with a food he has never eaten. Then, you will gradually reintroduce his daily foods. As you go along, you will discover who is responsible for his reactions .
Attention, there is no desensitization for the cat, not like in humans. A cat allergic to a food will remain it all its life. You must therefore scrupulously follow this regime so as not to present it again, in the face of never-pleasant reactions . In addition, food allergy usually results in unwanted scratching, itching and pruritus.
- Flea allergy
- Feline atopy
Feline atopy, or feline atopic dermatitis, is a genetic allergy . Like almost all reactions , it results in the appearance of pimples, crusts, pruritus and irritation . Above all, his diagnosis is not simple since all the symptoms correspond to food allergies and allergies related to fleas. It is therefore necessary to discard these 2 priority tracks before talking about feline atopy.
The cause is not clearly identified. Feline atopy can be related to various factors, such as stress, the environment, pollen or even food.
It is much rarer . Sometimes the allergy of your cat comes from a simple contact with a substance like rubber, latex, cement . He may be allergic to a nickel collar if he wears one, even though it is more noticeable in dogs. Your cat may, in very rare cases, have an allergic reaction to his food bowl when he comes in contact with it to eat.
What to do in case of allergy?First of all, it is necessary to diagnose precisely the type of allergy. For this, the veterinarian has many tools. It can, as in the case of a suspected scab or ringworm, carry out a microscopic examination of the hairs of your cat. It will also scrape the skin of your cat for parasites. It must first eradicate all possible causes, other than allergy. However, only an eviction diet (see above) can make it possible to know with certainty the type of reaction if it is a food allergy .
The treatment will therefore depend on the cause of the allergy. This can be to completely disinfect his environment , to give him a diet by caref