Your cat's skin is often the first affected organ in case of illness. Pathologies that have, a priori, nothing to do with her skin can come to upset her. In addition, many skin diseases can be triggered. It is necessary to know them in order to better apprehend, react and heal them. We enlighten you about it.
The skin, a considerable importance
The skin is the first organ of your cat . It is in this way that we see all diseases , or at least most. It is an organ that fights against external attacks , such as parasites, fungi . The skin is damming the same level it regulates the body temperature of your cat. It also serves for your cat's hormones and sebum . The slightest external attack can lead to a plethora of diseases that need to be treated quickly and efficiently . At the risk of seeing lesions appear and settle permanently.
Symptoms of a skin disease
They are classic . Your cat may scratch so untimely . The hair will fall in abundance outside the moulting periods . The crusts might appear on the surface to skin, reports of lesions sometimes serious . In some cases, skin diseases are more severe because they do not cause visible symptoms . So you have to be careful. It is best to prevent them with pest control.
The most common skin diseases
The parasites are numerous, such as chips (see below), the ticks or even to the lice and mites . Moreover, you are often recommended preventive antiparasitic treatment to avoid these health concerns. In the opposite case, your cat can be itchy and could cause serious skin lesions under the skin. They do not always notice. Your cat can also scratch to the point of losing hair. Too much hair loss outside molting periods should question.
The FAD (Allergy Dermatitis for flea) or DHPP (Hypersensitivity Dermatitis for flea) can come to touch your cat . This allergy causes itching on the surface of the skin . The itching is observed. Only a rapid reaction can prevent the appearance of major skin lesions . In this case, you will find buttons on the rear end. Consulted, your veterinarian will prescribe a treatment against fleas and parasites.
The best known is ringworm . It is a fungal infection caused by a microscopic and filamentous fungus . This causes skin lesions and hair removal of your feline, especially visible in the head and back. Ringworm does not always cause scratching. It is a mushroom that develops insidiously. In contrast, ringworm can be transmitted to humans . It is very contagious and a long and tedious treatment will have to be brought . In addition, you will need to clean all your bedding, sheets, carpets and accessories of your cat.
Many viral diseases can cause a skin problem . Especially when the immune defenses of your cat are at half-mast. We will then think about feline FIV or coryza . The skin can become a symptom of one of these diseases, not the origin. Stay alert.
An overactive thyroid can cause a skin infection , or at least a problem. Hyperthyroidism is caught when the production of hormones by the thyroid glands is too important . In addition to weight loss or a change in behavior , your cat will have problems with his coat.
Just moving or making a stressful situation for your cat can lead to scratching . In this case, we are more in a psychological phenomenon responding to a situation he can not control. The treatment will only pass through the calm he will have around him. Reassure him and cuddle him.
The pododermatite plasmocytaire
This is a rare but impressive dermatosis that is characterized by swelling of the pads . Rapidly, an ulcer can form. In some cases, inflammation of the mouth is described in parallel. The reasons for its appearance remain hypothetical , but feline FIV is suspected of being at the origin. This pododermatitis can heal itself. In other cases, an antibiotic (doxycycline) will be prescribed by your veterinarian.
Everything will depend on the origin of the skin disease developed by your feline. Only your veterinarian will have the answer. To fight against mites, fungi and parasites, a pest control will be preferred as well as a fungal product . An anti-inflammatory will respond to the attacks of an allergy . In some cases, no treatment is necessary because the skin disease goes away alone. Finally, there are diseases that must be treated for the skin to regain its strength. In any case, you will have torespect the treatments prescribed by your veterinarian to the letter for optimal efficiency.