The ringworm of the cat

Posted on December 13 2018

The ringworm of the cat

Ringworm, also known as dermatophytosis, is a condition caused by microscopic fungi. Several reasons explain its appearance in the feline, but not only. Indeed, ringworm is also a common disease in dogs. Moreover, it is transmitted to many mammals and to humans. Yes, it is a zoonosis pathology. We explain what it is in detail, how to avoid it, fight it and eradicate it.

Feline Ringworm, what is it?

It is a fungal infection caused by a microscopic and filamentous fungus . This fungus is called dermatophyte. It is defined in particular in 2 species encountered: Microsporum canis and Trichophyton mentagrophytes . These fungi settle, establish and survive very well at the base of the hairs , nails . As a result, they cause skin lesions and pronounced depilation in different parts of the body, but especially in the head and back. Depilation on which crusts will come. Be careful, your cat does not have to scratch himself. Ringworm does not necessarily itch . Thus, the fungus can develop without any symptoms being visible at first. The diagnosis of ringworm is made by a veterinarian.

Transmission of ringworm

Your cat is the main source of ringworm transmission in humans. It is transmitted when there is contact with the skin or hair with the animal concerned. It can also be transmitted indirectly . Whether via sheets , sofa , bedding , carpet . Indeed, the ringworm lives very well in an outdoor environment since they live more than a year without necessarily being on a living being.

The diagnosis of ringworm

A diagnosis must be made by your veterinarian . Only the latter can certify the presence of ringworm . Indeed, he will use several instruments, like the lamp of Wood . This is a lamp emitting ultra-violet light. The hairs carrying the mushroom appear fluorescent. However, some fungi may not fluoresce. So the absence of fluorescence should not rule out the hypothesis of ringworm. She's just not confirmed.

To be clear, the veterinarian will perform a microscopic examination of the hair . Tinea infected hairs have a characteristic appearance that will formally determine the fungus. Finally, if the 2 examinations prove to be negative, or inconclusive, then the veterinarian will be able to take certain hairs to transmit them to a laboratory of medical analyzes . The latter, through cultivation, will determine with certainty the presence or absence of ringworm in your feline.

Treatment against ringworm

The treatment is long and tedious . It relies essentially on the application of fungicidal shampoos as well as an ointment or antimycotic lotion . In addition, an oral medication (antifungal) can be administered orally. The treatment usually lasts a month and must be scrupulously respected to the letter, in order to have chances to restore the situation and eradicate the fungus.

What's more, this treatment is not just about your cat. All animals in your household should be treated in this way to prevent transmission.

At the end of the treatment, 2 samples will be taken 15 days apart. Ringworm is considered eradicated if both cultures are negative. Because fungal infections can persist despite the care provided, and can promote the reoccurrence of the fungus when treatment is stopped.

By the way, treatment on your cat and animals is not enough. You must completely disinfect your home . From the bedding to the clothes , like the sofa, the carpets . Your carpet should be washed properly. Use bleach, chlorine and / or bactericidal and fungicidal sprays. It's time to do a great spring cleaning.

Prevention

The best, besides the cure of the ringworm is still to anticipate it . Ringworm does not prevent. For that, you can not count on the presence of any vaccine . The best is to keep your cat healthy , with quality food , a perfect quality of life. Any lowering of the immune system can promote the appearance of ringworm. Note that some cats, such as Abyssinian and Persian are more affected than others by this skin disease , not necessarily serious, but is very annoying to exterminate.

In summary

Ringworm is a skin disease caused by the appearance of fungi. Only a veterinarian will determine, after 3 examinations most often, this disease and formalize it. In this case, a treatment of one month will intervene on your feline, but also all the animals of the home. What's more, your home will need to be disinfected thoroughly. It is also about limiting the contagion of a disease that is transmitted even to humans. Better to prevent.

The best, besides the cure of the ringworm is still to anticipate it . Ringworm does not prevent. For that, you can not count on the presence of any vaccine . The best is to keep your cat healthy , with quality food , a perfect quality of life. Any lowering of the immune system can promote the appearance of ringworm. Note that some cats, such as Abyssinian and Persian are more affected than others by this skin disease , not necessarily serious, but is very annoying to exterminate.

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