Educators, behaviorists, veterinarians and all those who work with our four-legged friends will tell you: socialization is a vital phase of a dog's life. If neglected, the animal will certainly develop various behavioral disorders.
The socialization is a crucial step in the development of the puppy and greatly determine its behavior in adulthood. It is an essential component of the education and balance of the animal. A well-socialized dog will be much more pleasant to live, even if it does not mean that he will always walk on his feet. This will not alter his character or personality, but will improve his attitude towards his fellow creatures and other living beings that he will come to meet during his future life.
Before socialization: the impregnation phase
The impregnation corresponds to one of the first stages of life of the puppy. During this period, the young dog learns to identify its congeners alongside his mother, brothers and sisters. It is for this reason that it is necessary that the puppy is not separated from his parent before the age of 7 or 8 weeks .
Then, it can be gradually introduced to adult dogs, other humans and animals of different species in order to get used to their presence and their various behaviors. It will then be the phase of socialization itself.
Learn dog codes
The socialization stage usually begins around the age of 8 weeks , just after the puppy has left his mother. It will then extend until the age of 16 weeks . The duration of this phase is therefore 2 months. It will allow the young dog to integrate behavioral and social dog codes .
Concretely, this is reflected in the establishment of relationships with other dogs: the reactions of his peers vis-à-vis his own actions, the puppy will begin to know the limits not to exceed. He will understand that he will not be able to bite, paw and annoy others without reacting. He will also learn to bond with others.
After this phase and after 5 months , the puppy will also learn to situate himself in relation to the " pack ". The notion of hierarchy then enters the scene and the animal will naturally seek to occupy the best possible place.
Frequent meetings and quality
The socialization of the puppy must consist of meetings both frequent and quality with other animals.
Indeed, the more the young dog will have opportunities to rub the other living beings during this phase, the more he will be accustomed to their presence. Thus, he will improve his attitude vis-à-vis all those he meets.
Only it is not always easy for homeowners to find the time to do it. The ideal would be to contact other teachers living nearby to organize a maximum of meetings.
It will be necessary to ensure that these groups include dogs of various ages and, if possible, that the animals have the opportunity to evolve without their leashes (or long leashes that leave them with sufficient freedom of movement).
The quality of these connections is just as important: frequenting dogs that are too aggressive or too shy can not be beneficial for the puppy. It is important to learn about the behavior of other dogs, but do not rely on their appearance. A massive dog is not necessarily aggressive and a small dog may have a tendency to attack.
Be that as it may, it's important to keep in mind that the puppy may at times be mistreated by others or, on the contrary, behave badly with them. It is only by multiplying encounters with congeners, humans and other animals that these gaps can be corrected.