The sterilization and castration of dogs
Posted on May 14 2018
"Help control the pet population - have your pet spayed or neutered." This phrase made famous by the legendary host of the contest show Bob Barker practically embedded the concept of canine sterilization and castration in our mind. So we know it's something we should do, but why?
What is involved in a sterilization or castration procedure?
We know that the end result of sterilization or castration involves the elimination of the possibility of a female dog getting pregnant or a male dog to fertilize. However, that is just the quick and easy view of the procedure. If you are thinking about getting one or another procedure performed on your dog, it is important that you know the details of procedures.
In a castration surgery, the male dog will have both his testicles removed - a procedure commonly known as castration. This procedure is delicate which involves careful cutting through several layers of meat and linking the main blood vessels. With that being said, it is usually considered a simple surgery.
The sterilization of a female dog, on the other hand, is a major surgery that has a higher level of complexity. In essence, the procedure involves the removal of the uterus and both ovaries. Because these components are found inside your body, which involves an incision your abdomen is involved.
Not surprisingly, the castration procedure takes much less time to complete than sterilization. In general, a male dog can be neutralized in approximately five to twenty minutes. The variation of time is caused by factors such as the age, size, and time of the neutral.
On the contrary, a female sterilization dog can vary from twenty to ninety minutes. This wider range is not only due to the age and size of the dog, but also due to whether or not it is in heat. Females in heat may take more time, since it fills with blood and, therefore, they are much more delicate to handle.
Prepare your dog for payment or sterilization procedures
Sterilizing your dog is not just a matter of taking your dog to the local vet and getting the procedure done. There are some things you should do to help ensure the surgery can go as smoothly as possible.
The first thing you should do once the decision is made is to consult your veterinarian about the process. Your veterinarian will be able to give you advice on what to do at home with your dog in the days leading up to the procedure, such as dietary advice. He or she can also have a blood test to make sure that your dog is healthy enough for the procedure.
What should I expect to see After completing the procedure?
There are several things that you need to keep an eye on during your dog's recovery stage. This should not be too surprising to hear. After all, your dog had a surgical procedure done. As is the case with any surgical procedure, they will need a recovery time to fully recover backwards.
The first thing you need to do for your dog should take place before the two leave the veterinarian's office. Be sure to put a post-operative check-up on the books before you take your dog home. In some cases, it is possible that your clinic will provide that visit for free, thus leaving no excuse for not doing so.
Your veterinarian can give your prescription painkiller pooch to help deal with the pain. If this is the case, be sure to keep the recipe and use it only as directed. You may be tempted to give your dog a little more if you observe them at a certain level of discomfort, but remember - the doctor's vet and you are not.
Most likely, you will be able to take your pooch home with you the same day of surgery. But keep in mind that your recovery can last up to a couple of weeks. So do not expect your four-legged companion to return to his former immediate self.
In fact, you should make sure that your house is equipped with a place reserved for him or her to recover quietly and comfortably during the first few days. On the first night after surgery, it is especially important to leave them isolated in a space they find familiar. It is also important that you keep children or other pets away from them during this time.
Over time, your dog may develop a desire to lick or bite at the incision site once they are on their way to recovery. It is important to prevent this from happening as much as possible. Repeated licking or chewing could easily break open the site of the incision and could lead to all kinds of evil.
Ideally, you want to pick up your dog an Elizabethan collar and put it around his neck for about a week. Your dog feels upset by your presence, but over time you will grow accustomed to it being around your necks. This will allow the incisions to heal completely without being stressed by the attacks of the canine teeth or the tongue.
You should also make sure you are checking the incision of your pooch a minimum of twice a day. When doing so, keep in mind that a small amount of blood or discharge is common for a few days, especially within 24 hours of surgery. However, if this persists or appears to be severe, seek a visit to the emergency vet immediately.
inally, you should limit your dog's outdoor activity for about a week, even if they are a breed that thrives on being outdoors. While short rides on a leash are fine to give them some sort of power output, you should work to refrain from jumping, running or playing for about a week. This also includes any lively indoor activity your dog may like.
At what age can sterilization or castration occur?
The age at which a dog can get sterilized can be a hot topic in some circles. Technically speaking, puppies as young as eight weeks can get sterilized or neutered, as long as they are at a healthy clinical weight - typically at least two pounds. However, some uncontrolled studies claim links to early sterilization and joint or cancer problems.
As a general rule, most veterinarians in the US recommend sterilization and castration of dogs between 6 and 9 months. This number is not necessarily one that has been derived from scientific research. On the contrary, it is generally believed that they have links to the postwar boom that followed World War II.
In the post-war years, the increasing financial gain throughout the country made it more feasible for pet owners. This led to an increase in interest regarding not only the control of the pet population, but also issues related to the secretion of the reproductive hormone. At that time, sterilization and castration techniques made it necessary for the dog to be at least six months old.
With that being said, it has been proven by reputable studies that even dogs of only six weeks could undergo the procedure. Obviously, the call regarding the age of sterilization or castration is left to you and your veterinarian. Make sure you have a nice long talk with your vet about the subject before jumping into something rash.
What is the cost of sterilization and castration?
As a general rule, you can expect to pay up to $ 200 for a sterilization or castration procedure. There are some factors behind the general price tag of the operation, such as the veterinarian and the facilities where the procedure is being handled.
If you estimate the cost of the procedure was too expensive, do not be afraid. Groups like the ASPCA offer several profitable sterilization and castration options available to those who want to do the work, but do not have the funds to do so. In some cases, it is possible to find clinics that will do the procedure for free.
Advantages of sterilization and castration
The number of benefits associated with the act of castration and the sterilization of your dog is amazing. From population control to long-term health benefits, each of these benefits serves to effectively weaken the vast majority of any argument you can create to keep your dog intact. This video gives a good summary of these wide-ranging benefits.
Bob Barker was right: Sterilization and the population of pets
The idea of controlling the pet population through sterilization and castration almost seems intangible to the owner of a dog, if it is not abstract. After all, the one or two dogs of his property are his focus, and it is easy to pay no mind to the rest of the canine kingdom. That is, until those ads depressing ASPCA with Sara McLachlan pop up on your television.
Yes, they are heartbreaking. In fact, McLachlan herself has admitted that she has to change channels when the ads are presented on her tube. However, the anguish that these infamous ads create serves a much more important and noble intention beyond simply making us feel bad.
In a nutshell, there are too many dogs and cats that do not own potential pets in the market. Studies show approximately 3.7 million animals are slaughtered each year in shelters. The sterilization and castration of your dog helps to make a hole in this number.
You may think that you keep enough precautions to protect your dog from seed production, even without the procedure. It would touch him to think again - just like humans, accidental pregnancies can happen to dogs owned by even the most conscious of dog owners. Sterilization and castration are the only true ways to stop litters.
The health benefits behind spaying and neutering your dog
We all want our four-legged friends to live as long and healthy a life as possible. And while spaying or neutering your dog does not involve a surgical procedure that could cause a bit of discomfort for a few days, it goes a long way towards preserving long-term health for the rest of their lives.
Some of these health benefits seem obvious. For example, a sterilized female dog will see a dramatic decrease in the development of uterine cancers and cancers related to the reproductive system. On the contrary, castrating your male dog will prevent you from developing testicular cancer.
Studies have also shown sterilization or your female dog will reduce the potential to develop uterine infections. Studies have also linked the procedure to decrease the risk of breast cancer. Considering that the disease is fatal in about 50 percent of dogs, this is not something to be taken lightly.
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